What is a kidney, ureter, and also bladder X-ray?
A kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB) X-ray might be performed to evaluate the ab area for reasons of abdominal muscle pain, or to assess the organs and structures the the urinary and/or cradle (GI) system. A KUB X-ray might be the first diagnostic procedure offered to evaluate the urinary system.
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X-rays usage invisible electromagnetic power beams to develop images of inner tissues, bones, and organs top top film. X-rays room made by using external radiation to develop images of the body, the organs, and also other internal structures for diagnostic purposes. X-rays pass with body tissues onto specially treated plates (similar come camera film) and a "negative" kind picture is make (the much more solid a framework is, the whiter it appears on the film). Digital films and digital media are much more commonly used now than the film media.
Other related procedures that may be provided to diagnose problems of the urinary guts of the abdomen include computed tomography (CT scan) that the kidney , kidney ultrasound , kidney scan , cystography , cystometry , cystoscopy , intravenous pyelogram , kidney biopsy , magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) , prostate ultrasound , retrograde cystography , retrograde pyelogram , uroflowmetry , and also renal venogram .
The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy. Afterthe body has taken the food materials that the needs, waste productsare left behind in the bowel and in the blood.
The urinary system helps the human body to eliminate liquid rubbish in theblood dubbed urea, and keeps chemicals, such as potassium and sodium,and water in balance. Urea is developed when foodstuffs containing protein,such together meat, poultry, and details vegetables, are damaged down in thebody. Urea is carried in the bloodstream come the kidneys, where it isremoved along with water and also other wastes in the form of urine.
Urinary system parts and also their functions:
2 kidneys. This pair of purplish-brown offal is located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. Their function is to:
eliminate liquid waste indigenous the blood in the kind of to pee
save a secure balance the salts and other building materials in the blood
produce erythropoietin, a hormone that aids the development of red blood cell
regulate blood pressure
The kidneys remove urea indigenous the blood v tiny filtering devices callednephrons. Every nephron consists of a ball developed of small bloodcapillaries, dubbed a glomerulus, and also a tiny tube dubbed a renal tubule.Urea, along with water and other garbage substances, develops the urine together itpasses through the nephrons and also down the renal tubules of the kidney.
2 ureters. These narrow tubes bring urine native the kidney to the bladder. Muscle in the ureter walls continually tighten and relax forcing urine downward, far from the kidneys. If urine backs up, or is enabled to was standing still, a kidney infection can develop. About every 10 to 15 seconds, small amounts of pee are cleared into the bladder native the ureters.
Bladder. This triangle-shaped, hole organ situated in the pelvis. The is held in ar by ligaments that space attached to various other organs and also the pelvic bones. The bladder"s wall surfaces relax and also expand to save urine, and also contract and also flatten to empty urine v the urethra. The usual healthy adult bladder have the right to store up to two cups of to pee for two to 5 hours.
two sphincter muscles. This circular muscles aid keep urine indigenous leaking by closing tightly favor a rubber band approximately the opening of the bladder.
Nerves in the bladder. The nerves alarm a human being when the is time come urinate, or empty the bladder.
Urethra. This tube allows urine to pass external the body. The mind signals the bladder muscles to tighten, i beg your pardon squeezes urine out of the bladder. At the exact same time, the mind signals the sphincter muscles to relax come let urine departure the bladder through the urethra. When all the signals take place in the exactly order, regular urination occurs.
Facts around urine:
adults pass about a quart and a half of urine every day, depending on the fluids and foods consumed.
The volume of urine developed at night is about half that formed in the daytime.
common urine is sterile. It contains fluids, salts and waste products, yet it is complimentary of bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
The tissues of the bladder space isolated native urine and also toxic building materials by a coating the discourages bacteria indigenous attaching and also growing ~ above the bladder wall.
Reasons because that the procedure
A KUB X-ray may be carry out to aid diagnose the reason of ab pain,such as masses, perforations, or obstruction. A KUB X-ray may be bring away toevaluate the urinary tract prior to other diagnostic measures areperformed. Simple information regarding the size, shape, and position that thekidneys, ureters, and also bladder may be acquired with a KUB X-ray. Thepresence the calcifications (kidney stones) in the kidney or ureters might be noted.
There may be other reasons for your doctor to introduce a KUB X-ray.
Risks of the procedure
You might want come ask your doctor around the quantity of radiation supplied duringthe procedure and also the risks related to your particular situation. The is agood idea to store a record of her past history of radiation exposure, suchas vault scans and also other varieties of X-rays, so that you deserve to inform yourdoctor. Risks connected with radiation exposure might be pertained to thecumulative number of X-ray examinations and/or therapies over a longperiod that time.
Notify her health care provider if you space pregnant or doubt that youmay be pregnant. Radiation exposure during pregnancy may bring about birthdefects.
There might be other risks depending ~ above your certain medical condition. Besure come discuss any type of concerns with your medical professional prior come the procedure.
Certain determinants or problems may interfere with the accuracy of a KUBX-ray. These components include, however are not minimal to, the following:
Before the procedure
Your physician will define the procedure come you and offer girlfriend the opportunity to ask any kind of questions the you could have around the procedure.
Generally, no front preparation, such together fasting or sedation, is required.
notify the radiologic technologist if you room pregnant or doubt you may be pregnant.
inform your doctor and radiologic technologist if you have actually taken a medication that has bismuth, such as Pepto-Bismol, in the past four days. Medicines that contain bismuth may interfere with trial and error procedures.
based on your medical condition, her doctor might request other specific preparation.
During the procedure
A KUB X-ray might be perform on one outpatient communication or as part of your stayin a hospital. Procedures might vary depending on your condition and also yourdoctor"s practices.
Generally, a KUB X-ray follows this process:
You will certainly be asked come remove any kind of clothing, jewelry, or other objects that could interfere v the procedure.
If you space asked to remove clothing, you will certainly be offered a gown come wear.
You will certainly be positioned in a path that very closely places the part of the abdomen the is to it is in X-rayed between the X-ray maker and a cassette containing the X-ray film or digital media. You might be inquiry to was standing erect, come lie flat on a table, or to lie on your side on a table, depending upon the X-ray see your doctor has actually requested. Friend may have actually X-rays take away from more than one position.
Body components not gift imaged might be extended with a lead apron (shield) to prevent exposure come the X-rays.
as soon as you are positioned, the radiologic technologist will ask girlfriend to hold still because that a couple of moments while the X-ray exposure is made.
it is extremely crucial to remain fully still when the exposure is made, as any movement may distort the image and also even require another X-ray to be excellent to attain a clear image of the body component in question.
The X-ray beam will be focused on the area to be photographed.
The radiologic technologist will step behind a protective home window while the picture is taken.
While the X-ray procedure itself reasons no pain, the manipulation that thebody component being check may cause some uncomfortable or pain, specifically inthe case of a recent injury or invasive procedure, such as surgery. Theradiologic technologist will use all feasible comfort measures and also completethe procedure as quickly as feasible to minimize any discomfort or pain.
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After the procedure
Generally, there is no special form of care following a KUB X-ray. However,your doctor may give you additional or alternate instructions ~ theprocedure, relying on your details situation.