Multiple selection Questions for Earthquakes - chapter 16Each chapter will incorporate a few questions design to check your expertise of product covered in the chapter and in the Internet-based resources. Your answers space not gift recorded. Shot the following. I m sorry of the following describes the develop up and release the stress throughout an earthquake?the modification Mercalli Scalethe elastic cant theorythe principle of superpositionthe take trip time differenceThe lot of floor displacement in a earthquake is referred to as the _________ . EpicenterdipslipfocusThe point where movement arisen which prompted the earthquake is the _______ . DipepicenterfocusstrikeWhich the the following sequences appropriately lists the different arrivals from first to last?P tide ... S waves .... Surface ar wavesSurface waves ... P waves .... S wavesP waves ... Surface ar waves ... S wavesS waves ... Ns waves .... Surface wavesHow carry out rock particles move during the i of a p wave through the rock?back and forth parallel come the direction of wave travelback and forth perpendicular come the direction of tide travelin a rojo circular motionthe particles do not moveDetailed researches of what earthquake permitted researchers to construct the elastic fag theory?. The 1906 mountain Francisco earthquakethe 1964 Anchorage, Alaska earthquakethe 1755 Lisbon, Portugal earthquakethe 1985 Mexico CIty earthquakeHow plenty of seismograph stations are required to locate the epicenter of an earthquake?1234Earthquakes can take place with _________ faulting.normalreversethrustall that theseApproximately what percent of earthquakes occur at plate boundaries?25%50%75%90%Which form of faulting would be the very least likely to occur along the mid-Atlantic ridge?normalreversetransformall of these could occurHow regularly do size 8 earthquakes occur?about 5 to 10 times per yearabout when a yearabout every 5 come 10 yearsabout every 50 come 100 yearsThe bulk modulus procedures ______________. The resistance to flow of a liquidthe resistance to readjust in colorthe resistance to change in volumethe resistance to change in shapeThe shear modulus actions _____________ . The resistance to circulation of a liquidthe resistance to adjust in shapethe resistance to change in volume the a liquidthe resistance to adjust in volume of a solidIf only thickness increases with boosting depth in ~ the Earth, the velocity that a p wave have to ___________ .stay the sameincreasedecreaseIf a P tide were to walk from a solid come a fluid - what would take place to itsvelocity?stay the sameincreasedecrease to 0.0decrease If an S wave were to walk from a solid to a fluid - what would take place to that velocity?stay the sameincreasedecrease to 0.0decreaseWhich border marks a adjust from 100% solid to 100% liquid?mantle ... External corelithosphere ... Asthenospherecrust ... Mantlenone the theseBody tide consist that the:P tide onlyS waves onlyP and S wavesSurface wavesWith boosting travel time the difference in arrival times between the P and also the S waves _________ increasesdecreasesstays constantnone that the aboveEarthquake A has actually a Richter magnitude of 7 as contrasted with earthquake B"s 6.
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The amount of ground movement is one measure of earthquake intensity.A is 10X an ext intense 보다 BA is 1000 much more intense 보다 BRichter size does no measure intensityB is 0.01X as intense than AIn general, the most damaging earthquake waves space the __________ . P wavesS wavesSurface wavesQ wavesWhere is the emphasis with respect come the epicenter:directly below the epicenterdirectly over the epicenterin the P wave shadow zonein the S wave shadow zone
Point A, whereby slip initiated during the earthquake, is dubbed the ________.dipepicenterfocusscarpPoint B is dubbed the earthquake ________.dipepicenterfocusscarpPoint C is called the _________epicenterfault scarpseismic wavedip of the earthquakeWhat type of faulting is shown in this diagram?normalreversethrustabnormal
What reasons the up-and-down wiggles on the seismogram show above?variations in air pressureground vibrationstsunami waveselectromagnetic pulsesWhich set of tide are more than likely the surface ar waves?ABCThey are all surface wavesWhich set of waves space the ns waves?ABCThey space all p wavesWhich set of waves are the S waves?ABCThey room all S wavesThe distinction in arrival times between which pair that waves can be provided to identify the distance to the epicenter?A and also CA and BNone the the aboveHow execute rock particles move during the i of a ns wave through the rock?back and forth parallel come the direction of tide travelperpendicular to the direction of tide travelin a rolling elliptical motionin a rolling circular motionHow execute rock corpuscle move throughout the passage of a S wave through the rock?back and forth parallel come the direction of tide travelperpendicular come the direction of tide travelin a rolling elliptical motionin a rojo circular motionWho arisen the procedure used to measure up the dimension of one earthquake?Charles RichterEdward SheridanJames HuttonArt SmithThe minute magnitude of one earthquake relies on all of the following other than __.the area the the error breakthe rigidity that the faultthe on slide on the faultthe kind of faultingWhich that the adhering to measures one earthquake"s intensity based upon the observed effects on people and structures?Richter scaleModified Mercalli scalethe Centigrade scalethe moment magnitude scaleShallow earthquakes, much less than 20 km deep, are associated with _______.convergent key boundariesdivergent bowl boundariestransform key boundariesall that theseWhat form of faulting would be most most likely to happen along change faults?normal faultingreverse faultingstrike-slip faultingall of these
What type of earthquakes would most likely take place at allude A?shallow-focus earthquakes caused by typical faultingshallow-focus earthquakes led to by strike-slip faultingshallow-focus earthquakes brought about by thrust faultingdeep-focus earthquakes resulted in by thrust faultingWhat form of earthquakes would many likely happen at allude B?shallow-focus earthquakes resulted in by common faultingshallow-focus earthquakes brought about by strike-slip faultingshallow-focus earthquakes brought about by thrust faultingdeep-focus earthquakes led to by thrust faultingWhich the the adhering to did not occur at a plate boundary?New Madrid, Missouri, 1812San Francisco, 1906Anchorage, Alaska, 1964Loma Prieta, California, 1989Which that the complying with can be triggered by an earthquake?tsunamiintense floor shakinga landslideall of theseWhich of the complying with can cause a tsunami?undersea earthquakesundersea landslidesthe eruption of one oceanic volcanoall the theseWhich of the adhering to waves is the slowest?P wavesS wavesSurface wavestsunamiWhich of the adhering to statements is false?Most earthquakes take place at bowl boundariesThe time and also location the most significant earthquakes have the right to be predicted several days in advanceEarthquakes deserve to be resulted in by normal, reverse and also strike-slip faultingP tide travel faster than both S waves and Surface wavesWhich of the adhering to observations may suggest a forthcoming devastating earthquake?An boost in the frequency of smaller earthquakes in the regionrapid tilting of the groundrapid transforms in water level in wellsall that theseWhich the the following statements best describes the state that earthquake prediction?scientists deserve to accurately suspect the time and also location of virtually all earthquakesscientists deserve to accurately suspect the time and also location of around 50% of every earthquakesscientists deserve to accurately predict once an earthquake will occur, yet not wherescientists can characterize the seismic hazard of an area, however can no yet accurately predict many earthquakesTry These fill InsReturn to the physics Geology house Page