Prior to analysis the typical Normal Balances, the is advantageous to testimonial the below sections to acquire foundational information:


This ar discusses fundamental concepts together they relate to recordkeeping for accountancy and how transactions are taped internally within Indiana University. Information presented listed below walks through particular accounting terminology, debit and also credit, as well as what are thought about normal balances because that

Introduction to normal Balances

What space Debits and also Credits?

Entities make financial transactions ~ above a day-to-day basis in order to continue running company operations. When audit for these transactions, 2 entries must be made: a debit and also a corresponding credit.

Debits and credits room what comprise journal entries in a general ledger. Debits and also credits either increase or decrease the adhering to accounts: asset, liability, money balance, revenue, and expense. The complying with chart shows the direction of debits and also credits in assorted accounts as well as each account’s typical balance.

You are watching: Which of the following is true regarding normal balances of accounts?

Account Normal_Balance To_Increase To_Decrease
Assets Debit Debit Credit
Liabilities Credit Credit Debit
Fund Balance Credit Credit Debit
Revenues Credit Credit Debit
Expenses Debit Debit Credit

Debits and also credits different in audit in comparison to what financial institution users most typically see. Because that example, when making a transaction in ~ a bank, a user depositing a $100 check would it is in crediting, or increasing, the balance in the account. But for bookkeeping purposes, this would certainly be thought about a debit. If the two can seem opposite, castle are rather similar. Breaking down the above example the depositing a $100 check from both perspectives - banking and accounting, users deserve to see, that while it appears as a “credit” to the user depositing the check, it is really just the bank’s off-set come the receipt that the check.


What space Normal Balances?

To better visualize debits and credits in miscellaneous financial statement heat items, T-Accounts are frequently used. Debits room presented on the left-hand side of the T-account, conversely, credits space presented on the right. Included below are the key financial statement heat items presented together T-accounts, reflecting their common balances.

Income explain T-Accounts:


A typical balance is the side of the T-account where the balance is normally found. Once an lot is accounted for on its common balance side, it rises that account. Top top the contrary, once an quantity is accounted because that on the opposite side of its typical balance, that decreases the amount.

Balance paper T-Accounts:


Within’s KFS, debits and credits have the right to sometimes be referred to as “to” and also “from” accounts. These accounts, like debits and credits, increase and also decrease revenue, expense, asset, liability, and net heritage accounts.

Debit and also Credit Examples

Below is a an easy example the a debit and also credit newspaper entry in ~ a general ledger.

This general ledger instance shows a newspaper entry being produced the repertoire of an account receivable. Since both accounts space asset accounts, debiting the cash account $15,000 is going to increase the cash balance and also crediting the account receivable account is going to decrease the account balance. Once we amount the account balances we uncover that the debits same the credits, ensuring that we have accounted because that them correctly.


To display how the debit and also credit process works in ~’s general ledger, the complying with image to be pulled from the ugandan-news.comIE database. Employees who room responsible for your entity’s accounting activities will view a document such together the one below on much more of a day-to-day basis. This general ledger example shows a newspaper entry being created the payment (cash) the postage (expense) in ~ the academic Support responsibility center (RC).


This transaction will require a journal entry that consists of an cost account and a cash account. Note, for this example, an automatically off-set entry will certainly be post to cash and users space not may be to short article directly to any kind of of the cash object codes. Due to the fact that postage to be purchased because that $12.70, cash, an heritage account, will be credited, which will decrease the cash balance by $12.70. Contrarily, purchasing postage is one expense, and also therefore will certainly be debited, which will increase the price balance through $12.70. As soon as the account balances room summed, the debits same the credits, ensuring the the scholastic Support RC has accounted for this transaction correctly.

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Requirements and Best Practices

This ar outlines requirements and best methods related to audit Fundamentals – common Balances. While no required, the finest practices outlined below allows users to get a much better picture the the entity’s financial wellness and help identify potential issues on a much more frequent basis. This allows organizations to recognize errors, mistakes and also pitfalls which deserve to be remedied quickly and prevent larger problems in the future.