AP Psychology assist » individual Psychology and also Behavior » Cognition and Consciousness » Cognition » storage

Iconic and also echoic memory room two creates of sensory memory, i m sorry momentarily stores information from our senses prior to it is encoded in momentary memory. Iconic storage is the storage of what we see, if echoic storage is the storage of what us hear. Both of these features can be improved with selective attention.

You are watching: Which most accurately describes long-term memory?


Implicit memory refers to memories that carry out not rely upon aware recall activities. Procedural memory is the kind of memory the we usage to do everyday tasks like tying our pair of shoes or speak a bike. These activities do not need our mindful awareness of our previous attempts.


Explicit memory refers to memories that can be consciously recalled. Semantic memory is memory about facts, favor that Alaska is the largest state in the U.S. The other varieties of memory detailed are species of implicit memory, which can not be explicitly recalled.


Short-term memories room stored in different ways than irreversible memories. Short-lived memories generally include quick observations, and also are just stored for 10-30 seconds. Short-term memories must be processed and also stored as long-term memory in order to be obtainable for any longer duration of time.

Mood-congruent storage is when our capability to mental is lessened when we suffer intense emotions, which could be either optimistic or an unfavorable in nature.

Mood-congruent memory involves how emotions filter what we room experiencing approximately us, affecting what we will certainly remember later. For example, if we space happy, we room most likely to remember confident things about that specific time.

Mood-congruent storage is once we feel a certain emotion, i m sorry triggers the accessibility of memories throughout which we felt the very same way.

Correct answer:

Mood-congruent memory is when we feel a particular emotion, i m sorry triggers the availability of memories throughout which we felt the same way.


Mood-congruent storage is as soon as we feeling a specific emotion, and then space able to accessibility memories during which we feeling similarly. Because that instance, if we space feeling frustrated in an intimate connection we are an ext likely to remember one more event during which we feel that exact same way.


Information only remains in our short-term memory for around 30 seconds. In ~ the end of this time, this details is either forgotten or transferred to permanent memory.


Mnemonic devices are memory aids that look for to improve recall the information. Chunking is a popular memory assist that involves organizing items into familiar, controlled units. 


Influential cognitive psychologist, George Miller, performed a series of experiment in which it appeared that over there is a "magical number seven," meaning that we can usually hold around seven items in our temporary memory in ~ once. This has actually been sustained by countless studies, but likewise disputed among cognitive psychologists.


An episodic storage is a recollection of particular events, commonly one"s personal experiences. Remembering specific details is an example of semantic memory. Discovering a skill, favor tying a shoelace, is procedural memory. Mnemonic gadgets are a tool for remembering comprehensive information. Remembering indigenous one doesn"t understand through repeat is a prime instance of rote memorization.


Riding a bike is a type of procedural memory, the memory of a participating in a physics or cognitive process. Procedural memories are implicit (implied) quite than clear (conscious). 

Episodic memory is the storage for events in one"s life (your 10th grade birthday party), and also semantic memory is the storage for facts and also knowledge (the first US president).

Priming is no a form of memory at all, however rather a technique of affecting latent memories in which exposure come one stimulus affects succeeding exposure to another stimulus. An instance of priming can be that exposing someone to words "rocket scientist" prior to taking a scientific research test might make them get a higher score.

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