The Electoral university is a system our nation has constantly used to selected our president, but what is it, and also is the still useful for our country? as soon as the Constitution was drafted in 1787, the framers required a device to selected the president. One group of delegates want the president to be chosen through a renowned vote (the votes actors by citizens), while other delegates want Congress to decision the election. They then made a compromise, and also the Electoral College was formed. 

The Electoral university is a team of world chosen through state legislatures to vote for the president and vice president. The variety of electors in every state is equal to the variety of members every state has in Congress. Over there are currently 538 electors, (535 because that the variety of representatives in Congress, add to 3 electors who stand for Washington, D.C.). 270 electoral votes are compelled to win the presidential election, nevertheless of that wins the famous vote.

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Despite separation, personal, instance Americans spreading our ballots for who we desire to be president, the just votes that count space those the the Electoral College. 

Electoral Votes deserve to override the well-known vote, basically rendering citizens’ votes useless. An instance of a candidate shedding the popular vote when winning the presidency to be the 2016 election. Hillary Clinton won the famous vote v 65,845,063 votes, which to be 2,868,691 votes more than the 62,980,160 of renowned votes cast for Trump. However, she shed the election as result of having 227 electoral votes come Trump’s 304.

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“So, follow to what the framers wanted, the Electoral university casts votes based upon who we space voting for. That means it’s okay that the chairman isn’t elected through the well-known vote, yet that my vote still has some impact, right?”

Well, no necessarily. One defect of the Electoral college is something referred to as “faithless electors.” Faithless electors room electors who will vote for that they want to be president regardless that the popular vote. Over there are roughly 30 states that need their electors to vote for the candidate who wins the well-known vote, yet there room still about 20 claims that don’t have any type of laws restricting electors. If you were voting in a state v a faithless elector, your vote can essentially not count. 

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Another element that could make her vote even less impactful is life in a more populated state. For example, in Wyoming, there are 578,000 people and also three electoral votes, i beg your pardon is identical to one electoral vote for every 190,000 voters. However, in California, over there are about 40 million people and also fifty-five electoral votes, which is equivalent to one for every 700,000 voters. 

This way that the votes of civilization in Wyoming are about 3.5 times together impactful together those in California. 

There is yet another, if no the biggest flaw: In 48 that the 50 states, electoral votes are regulated through something dubbed the “winner-take-all” system. In winner-take-all states, only one candidate gets every one of all of the electoral votes for that state. For example, in California, if candidate X gets 45 electoral votes, and also candidate Y it s okay 10 electoral votes, all 55 votes go to candidate X–even though human being represented by the 10 electors voted for candidate Y. 

As a result of the winner-take-all system, a presidential candidate can hypothetically win an choice by winning only 11 states.

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With every one of these flaws in the Electoral university system, what have the right to be done around it?

One noticeable solution would certainly be to completely get rid that the Electoral College. Abolishing the Electoral college would call for amending the Constitution, which is a very long and complex process. First, as soon as an idea has enough popular support, a member the Congress bring it come the floor of either the house or the Senate. The chamber of congress the idea was presented in assigns a committee come debate and also refine the idea. If the idea makes it the end of the committee, the complete chamber will certainly debate. Because that the amendment come proceed, two-thirds the the chamber it was introduced in needs to vote because that it. The procedure will be recurring in the other chamber. If two-thirds of conference votes because that the amendment, the revised gets sent out to every state. Once 3/4 the the says ratify it, the amendment finally passes. The Constitution has actually only been amended 27 times because it go into result in 1789.

An less complicated solution come the Electoral College problem would be to simply remove the winner-take-all system. This would call for individual state legislatures to adjust their laws. Obtaining rid that the winner-take-all system means that candidates would certainly receive any electoral votes cast for them actors for them, regardless of whether or not they winner the bulk of electoral votes that electoral votes from that state. A solution like this wouldn’t need to go with the constitution amendment process; the claims would have it to perform themselves. This would certainly be faster, and also would it is in a step towards do everyone’s votes count.

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You can do your part in repairing a flawed device by sending messages the encourage electoral reform to her representative in Congress, and also by bringing attention to this problem by telling friends and family. 

We support the Brennan center for Justice that is advocating for the Electoral college to be reformed, and also we introduce you visit your website for an ext information on the problem of the Electoral college system.