209 surviving church cantatas, dozens that concertos, countless organ preludes and also fugues. And also 20 children. J.S. Bach was a very busy man.
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Johann Sebastian Bach, v his wives Maria Barbara (m. 1707–1720) and Anna Magdalena(m. 1721–1750),fathered 20 children over his lifetime. His very first was born in 1708 once Bach to be 23, with his critical coming right into the world in 1742, once the composer was 57. Sadly, only ten survived through to adulthood.
The Bachs were always a musical household with a house full of instruments – and also Johann Sebastian was constantly keen to create pieces for his wife, children and also the community they live in.
Here castle are, in order of your birth. It"s a long list – there"s a the majority of musical talent, countless fascinating stories, and also tragedies because that the household as well...
1. Catharina Dorothea Bach (1708 – 1774)
Bach"s first born child. Creating wasn"t an choice for women in those days yet Catharina excelled as a singer and also often assisted her father through his work.
2. Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (1710 - 1784)
J.S. Bach"s eldest kid with his first wife, Maria Barbara. Wilhelm complied with in his father"s footsteps and also became a composer. J.S. Bach even wrote Wilhelm a graded food of key-board studies, called the Klavierbüchlein für Wilhelm Friedemann Bach. Thanks to his extensive musical training, Wilhelm went on to become an organist and taught none other than Johann Gottlieb Goldberg, the male whose name is immortalised in the great Goldberg Variations.
3 & 4. Johann Christoph Bach and also Maria Sophia Bach (Born and died in 1713)
J.S. Bach"s third and 4th children, twins, were born top top 23 February 1713 as soon as Bach was 28. Johann Christoph lived no much longer than a few hours after ~ his birth, and his sister passed away a few weeks later, approximately the 13 march 1713.
5. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714 - 1788)
Arguably the many gifted that J.S. Bach’s offspring, C.P.E. Bach to be a highly original composer of symphonies, keyboard and also choral music. Building on the Baroque training the learned as a boy, he became one of the foremost clavier football player in Europe (after studying for a level in law). His Essay on the True arts of keyboard Playing developed him as the leading keyboard teacher that the time. He formed a musical bridge between the Baroque and Classical eras. “He is the father, we space the children,” Mozart stated of C.P.E. Bach.
C.P.E. Bach’s place as court musician to Frederick the an excellent also consisted of the job of offering accompaniment on the key-board for the king’s flute solos. Frederick believed himself to it is in a much much better flautist 보다 he was and also often take it liberties through the tempo. At the finish of one imperial performance, a delighted sycophant exclaimed, “Your Majesty, what rhythm!” C.P.E. Bach is claimed to have muttered under his breath, “What rhythms!”
6. Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach (1715 - 1739)
Johann Gottfried was born on 11 may 1715 and, together was the instance with his brothers, go on to end up being a experienced musician. Unequal them, however, he didn"t have the possibility to walk to university, and also secretly abandoned his musical job in stimulate to study law. He died at the tender period of 24.
7. Leopold Augustus Bach (1718 - 1719)
Born top top 15 November, Bach"s seventh boy lived because that ten short months, and also was hidden on 29 September 1719. His godfather, a prince, also named Leopold, employed Bach as Kapellmeister in between 1717 and also 1723.
8. Christina Sophia Henrietta (1723 - 1726)
After Bach"s mam Maria Barbara died, the went on to marry Anna Magdalena Wilcke. Their an initial daughter to be born in 1723, the exact same year Bach signed a contract to become the Thomaskantor in Leipzig, yet died 3 years later.
9. Gottfried Heinrich Bach (1724 - 1763)
It"s thought Gottfried to be mildly holy ghost handicapped in some way, indicators of which were picked increase from very early age. Luckily he had plenty of supportive siblings: C.P.E. Bach claimed his younger brother proved a "great genius, i beg your pardon failed to develop".
10. Christian Gottlieb Bach (1725 - 1728)
Another tragically short-lived son, Christian Gottlieb just survived three years. He died on 21 September 1728.
11. Elisabeth Juliana Friederica (1726 - 1781)
1726 clues a year of joy and tragedy for the Bach family members – simply two months after Elisabeth was born, she elder sister Christiana died at the period of three. Elisabeth, however, survived right into adulthood, and also went on come marry among her father"s pupils, German organist Johann Christoph Altnikol.
12. Ernestus Andreas Bach (Born and died in 1727)
13. Regina Johanna Bach (1728 - 1733)
14. Christiana Benedicta Louise (Born and died in 1730)
15. Christiana Dorothea Bach (1731 - 1732)
Very tiny is known about these four young Bachs who passed away in childhood.
16. Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach (1732 - 1795)
After a period of tragedy, Bach"s ninth son to be born: the confusingly named Johann Christoph Bach, no to be puzzled with Bach"s an initial cousin as soon as removed, Bach"s uncle and Bach"s eldest brother… additionally all dubbed Johann Christoph. Much less confusingly, he"s often referred to together the "Bückeburg Bach", called after a town in reduced Saxony whereby he play the harpsichord professionally. Prefer so countless of the Bach brothers prior to him, he to be a prodigious classical composer, who wrote pieces greatly influenced through the fashion because that Italian music. He even visited London and had a few works published, but small of his music survives today.
His eldest son, Wilhelm Friedrich serious Bach (1759 – 1845) to be the only grandson that J.S. Bach to get fame as a composer. He was music director to Frederick william II that Prussia. "Heredity can tend to run out the ideas," that said.
17. Johann respectable Abraham Bach (Born and died in 1733)
Young Johann August just survived at some point after his baptism on 5 November.
18. Johann Christian Bach (1735 - 1782)
Known together the "English Bach", J.C. Bach took trip to Italy and also converted to roman inn Catholicism, before settling in London in the organization of Queen Charlotte, for this reason his nickname "The London Bach". He ended up being a well-known classic composer, and also an influence on Mozart"s concertos. J.C. Written cantatas, orchestral works, key-board music, operas and also symphonies, i m sorry sounded really different in format from his father"s Baroque works. J.S. Bach was already 50 as soon as J.C. Was born, and musical formats of the time were growing increasingly "classical".
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19. Johanna Carolina Bach (1737 - 1781)
20. Regina Susanna Bach (1742 - 1809)
Bach"s 19th and 20th children, both daughters, made it through well into their adulthood, return neither ever before married. While small is known about Johanna, Regina to be acquainted with Beethoven; he even asked for proceeds native the premiere the his Symphony No. 3 to it is in donated to her. In spite of collections being made in honour the her renowned father, she passed away in poverty.