The urban of Athens and Sparta to be bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically lock are very close to every other, however have occasionally had an extremely different values, lifestyles, and also cultures.

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Athens matches Sparta comparison chart AthensSpartaAbout Country Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancestry girls education Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time region
The capital and also largest city of Greece. Leader that the Delian League. House of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. Known in Greek as Sparti. The city lies in ~ the southern end of the central Laconian plain, ~ above the right bank of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Close the sea with a harbor. Hilly area. Landlocked. Additionally in a hilly area that provides natural defense.
At time the Peloponnesian battle 360,000-610,000 At time the Peloponnesian war 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, but more dry with around 15 inches of rain per year Also a Mediterranean climate, yet with an ext rain.
Dependent on trade and agriculture Dependent top top agriculture
Forward looking and also progressive Controlling, traditional, and also conservative
not as armed forces based, and also required military service was only two years for citizens. Marine was finest in the Greek world. mandatory military service from period 7 to 60. Land based military with no navy until the finish of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants the the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on agriculture and tourism. Mostly based on tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and also Sparta hold historical value because that Greece and the world. Athens is the capital and also the largest city that Greece. It is a facility for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Athens is the prize of freedom, art, and also democracy in the conscience the the polite world. Athens took its surname from the goddess Athena, the goddess that wisdom and knowledge.

Sparta, a town near the flow Evrotas, is located in the facility of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Sparta to be the Dorian Greek military state, considered as the protector the Greece together it to be providing large army to greece for numerous years. In ~ present, Sparta is the governmental capital the the consciousness of Laconia.


Athens has been continuously occupied for at least 3,000 years, coming to be the top city of old Greece in the an initial millennium BCE; its cultural achievements throughout the 5th century BCE set the structures of west civilization. During the middle Ages, the city experienced decrease and then recovery under the byzantine Empire, and was fairly prosperous during the Crusades, together they benefitted indigenous Italian trade. After a long duration of decline under the dominance of the ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state.

Tradition relates the Sparta was founded by its an initial king, Lacedaemon, boy of Zeus and Taygete, who called the city ~ his wife, the daughter the Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, follow to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration indigenous the north took place and also eventually resulted in the climb of timeless Sparta — renowned as a martial power, adversary of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. After dominating many kingdoms and warring with numerous communities, Sparta infect a major empire approximately 400 BCE. This was likewise the time that Athens" fall, i m sorry proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war the the two empires. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was damaged by many invasions. Modern day Sparta, which is recognized as Sparti in Greece, to be rebuilt about 1834.

ideas and culture

Athens and also Sparta differed in their principles of getting in addition to the rest of the Greek empires. Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and noted their military whenever required. The is why it taken into consideration itself as the protector that the Greek. Top top the various other hand, Athens want to take manage of an ext and much more land in Greece. This idea eventually led to war in between the Greeks. Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew the they can not beat them but they had the strength of a navy unit i m sorry Sparta no have.

What the two areas had in usual was the they to be both thinkers. Castle worshiped their gods and also respected people. They love beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. It might be said that some even loved battle itself.

Where they differed was the while the Spartans had actually militaristic values, Athenians to be democratic. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and also gaining control over various other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew facilities wise in old times. They interpreted the prestige of such growth and also concentrated ~ above them as well as on military strength.

federal government


The Athenian kind of electing a government was called restricted Democracy if the Spartan form was dubbed oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, that ruled until they died. Top top the various other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Athens is claimed to have been the birthplace of democracy.

Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. The ancient Greek “oligos” converts to “few”, if “archia” method “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. 5 Ephors were chosen annually, add by two kings, who passed top top the crowns come their liked sons. The Spartan identical of the senate was its “gerousia”, if Ephors and also the kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to construct and shot to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Various other purposes the the general assembly were to poll on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. The procedure by which this was undertaken was by a basic shouting the ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a whole, the five Ephors had the strength to overrule the Kings, yet tended to keep to spiritual and militaristic duties. Sparta’s mechanism of federal government was very exclusive and also open come members of only the highest social standing.

On the other hand, Athens to be a democracy, which meant “rule through the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). 5000 come 6000 men were narrowed down to a team of 500, who would climate be split into groups of 50. Each would take charge for around a month, and also ten generals were instantly elected because of their experience. Rather were chosen by a an approach called ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, recognized as the “ekklesia”, satellite to comment on political, militaristic and social matters and also agendas in the pnyx. This to be an area near by to the markets and social center of Athens, the “agora”.

way of life


Compared come the basic lifestyle the the Spartan people, Athenians had actually a very contemporary and open up outlook. Uneven Sparta, in Athens, boys were not required to sign up with the army. Together an Athenian, one can get a great education and also could seek several type of arts and also sciences. Sparta human being were not open to education and they only concentrated on army strength and obedience and they didn"t connect much v the external world.

interaction with various other Greek claims

Sparta was content to store to chin and provided army and assistance when vital to various other states. Athens, top top the various other hand, wanted to control much more and more of the land about them. This ultimately led to war in between all the Greeks.


Athens had actually a Mediterranean climate with good amount of precipitation, conversely, Sparta had relatively temperate but very dry climate. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water to be a really scanty commodity in Sparta.

females of Athens and Sparta

Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. They could own no property apart native the family. In Sparta, women had actually rights that various other Greek women did not have. In Sparta women were stronger and also they created liaisons with males as lock chose. Lock could also own property by themselves. In Athens females did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the ladies were free of all such chores.

War in between Athens and also Sparta

Athens and also Sparta were two rival city-states, while the last had an extremely well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. Athens and also its allies, recognized as the Delian League, come into dispute with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the 2 cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes payment by smaller sized dependent states.

This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off polite war amongst Greek city-states. (A city-state to be a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under the influence and also protection; Athens and also its bordering area, recognized as Attica, was around the size of Rhode Island). Sparta had actually a clean military benefit on land, however the Athenian navy gone beyond Sparta’s capabilities in ~ sea; neither side had the ability to seize and maintain the top hand. Both sides experienced significant victories and also crushing defeats, and also the battle was commonly interrupted by durations of negotiated peace. The war finished in 404 BC through the loss of Athens and also its democracy.

economic climate

Sparta was greatly an farming land because of its inland location. The most important imports to be metals. In Sparta, men were mostly warriors; others to be slaves. Their economic climate was mainly based on agriculture. Athens economy was dependent an ext upon trade. Athens came to be the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC.

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claim to fame

Athens has uncovered its surname in Greek background for that undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural advancement and Sparta for its armed forces power.