The impeachment of president Andrew Johnson was the an outcome of politics conflict and the rupture of beliefs in the after-effects of the American polite War. It developed from uncompromised beliefs and also a dispute for strength in a country struggling through reunification.




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"Sir, the bloody and untilled fields of the ten unreconstructed States, the unsheeted ghosts the the 2 thousand murdered negroes in Texas, cry...for the punishment of Andrew Johnson."Rep. Wilhelm D. Kelley, calling because that impeachment of Andrew Johnson


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President Andrew Johnson, impeached because that violation that the Tenure the Office action

Library that Congress

Before Abraham Lincoln to be assassinated in 1865, he had actually formulated a plan of reconstruction that would certainly be lenient towards the defeated South together it rejoined the Union. That planned to provide a general amnesty come those that pledged one oath of loyalty to the unified States and also agreed come obey all federal legislations pertaining to slavery (though high-ranking Confederate officials and also military leaders were to it is in excluded native the general amnesty).Lincoln"s plan likewise stated that as soon as a tenth that the voters who had taken component in the 1860 election had agreed come the oath within a specific state, then the state can formulate a new government and start sending representatives to Congress.Andrew Johnson was intent on transporting out this plan when that assumed the presidency. This policy, however, did no sit well through the so-called Radical republicans in Congress, who wanted to set up armed forces governments and implement much more stringent terms because that readmission for the seceded states. Together neither side was willing come compromise, a clash that wills ensued.The political backing to start impeachment proceedings against the president came as soon as Johnson breached the Tenure the Office action by removing Edwin Stanton, Secretary of War, native the cabinet. The Tenure that Office Act, passed over Johnson"s veto in 1867, proclaimed that a president could not i have dissolved appointed officials there is no the consent that Congress.Both Lincoln and Johnson had experienced difficulties with Stanton, an allied of the Radicals in Congress. Stanton"s removal, therefore, to be not only a politics decision made to relieve the discord in between the president and also his cabinet, but a test of the Tenure that Office Act as well. Johnson believed the Tenure of Office Act was unconstitutional and wanted it to it is in legally tried in the courts.

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It to be the president, himself, however, that was carried to trial.President Johnson was impeached by the house of to represent on February 24, 1868 and also the Senate make the efforts the instance in a trial the lasted from March to may 1868. In the end, the Senate voted to acquit chairman Andrew Johnson by a margin of 35 guilty to 19 not guilty - one vote short of the two-thirds required to convict.In a 1926 case, the supreme Court declared that the Tenure of Office Act had been invalid.