Oxidizing and reducing agents are an essential terms used in relenten the reactants in redox reaction that carry electrons between reactants to kind products. This web page discusses what specifies an oxidizing or reduce agent, how to identify an oxidizing and also reducing certified dealer in a ugandan-news.comical reaction, and the importance of this concept in real civilization applications.

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Oxidizing and also Reducing Agents

An oxidizing agent, or oxidant, gains electrons and is diminished in a ugandan-news.comical reaction. Also known together the electron acceptor, the oxidizing certified dealer is normally in among its higher possible oxidation states since it will acquire electrons and also be reduced. Examples of oxidizing agents encompass halogens, potassium nitrate, and nitric acid.

A reducing agent, or reductant, loses electrons and is oxidized in a ugandan-news.comical reaction. A reducing certified dealer is generally in among its lower feasible oxidation states, and also is known as the electron donor. A reducing certified dealer is oxidized, because it loses electrons in the redox reaction. Examples of to reduce agents include the planet metals, formic acid, and sulfite compounds.

Figure \\(\\PageIndex1\\): A reducing agent reduces other substances and loses electrons; therefore, its oxidation state increases. An oxidizing certified dealer oxidizes other substances and also gains electrons; therefore, its oxidation state decreases.

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To assist eliminate confusion, there is a mnemonic machine to help determine oxidizing and reducing agents.


Oxidation Is Loss and Reduction Is Gain of electrons

Table \\(\\PageIndex1\\): Commons oxidizing and reducing agents common oxidizing agents typical reducing agents
\\(\\ceO2\\) \\(\\ceH2\\)
\\(\\ceO3\\) \\(\\ceCO\\)
\\(\\ceF2\\) \\(\\ceFe\\)
\\(\\ceBr2\\) \\(\\ceZn\\)
\\(\\ceH2SO4\\) \\(\\ceLi\\)
Halogens (they favor gaining an electron to achieve a noble gas configuration) Alkali metals (they favor losing an electron to obtain a noble gas configuration)

Oxidation States: 0 -1