Moses (a raven)

When the pigs first begin talking up their ideas about Animalism, they have to "counteract the lies put about by Moses, the tame raven" (2.8). Moses is the Joneses" favorite pet, a clever talker that tells the animals around a mysterious nation called "Sugarcandy Mountain." One day, the says, their labor and suffering will come to an end and they"ll all live happily ever after top top Sugarcandy Mountain. (2.8).

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During the Rebellion, Moses flies off after ~ Mrs. Jones and also disappears because that years. But he return after the fight of the Windmill and also starts dispersing the legend of Sugarcandy hill again. What"s weird is the the pigs still insist that his stories are lies, but they "allowed that to remain on the farm, not working, v an pin money of a gill that beer a day" (4.7).


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Some of the Old Time Religion

Stories around an awesome location you pursue you die, exemption from work, and also contempt from the leaders—sound familiar?

Moses is a symbol because that the Russian Orthodox Church. (Quick brain Snack: the Orthodox Church damaged from the Catholic Church in 1054; the Russian Church ended up being independent native the main Orthodox Church in 1448). For centuries, the Russian Orthodox Church to be buddy-buddy v the Russian monarchy (the tsars). When the Bolsheviks took end in October 1917, they claimed that church and also state would certainly be different for the an initial time in Russian history.

Bye-bye, Moses.

But Stalin wasn"t to solve with just kicking the Church the end of power. Under his reign, the Soviets proactively persecuted faith and spiritual authorities. Priests were executed; churches were defiled. Yet you feel around religion, it was pretty nasty.

Stalin declared that faith was obsolete; he wanted to replace faith with science and also reason. His justification came straight from communism"s founder karl Marx (see Old Major"s "Character Analysis" come learn much more about this guy). Karl Marx famously referred to religion as "the opiate the the masses." He believed of religious beliefs as a medicine that maintained workers calm so the capitalists could take advantage of them—Moses"s "lies" that permit the farm animals to it is in exploited.

But guess: v what? as soon as Stalin was attempting to north up patriotic support for the battle effort against Germany in 1941, that re-instituted the Church. Transforms out, not just do a many of human being really like religion, it"s also pretty useful to a totalitarian leader.

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Like Stalin, like Napoleon: as soon as things gain worse, Napoleon lets Moses earlier in. It"s easy to be cynical. Now that Napoleon and his dogs have come to be the oppressors, they as soon as again view a need for the crow to go on and also on around Sugarcandy Mountain, and also they"re all also happy to buy him off for "a gill of beer a day" (9.8).

But most people don"t realize the Marx"s quotation doesn"t end with "the opiate that the masses." the continues: religion is a "heart in a heartless world."