Wepwawet (Upuaut, Wep-wawet, and Ophois) was an ancient wolf god whose worship originated in top Egypt.

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He was among the earliest of the gods to be venerated at Abydos, probably predating (and absorbing) Khentyamentiu (another god of the Abydos necropolis). By the Old Kingdom Wepwawet was famous throughout Egypt, yet as Osiris grew in popular (absorbing both Khentyamentiu and also Wepwawet) Anubis took on his funerary role. However, that did not entirely disappear.

Wepwawet’s conventional was associated with top Egypt and also was offered the honour of going prior to the king during countless ritual processions. During the new Kingdom his standard also preceded the of Osiris and the “procession of Wepwawet” initiated the mysteries the Osiris together a god of the dead.


His name way “the opener of the means (roads)”. This is assumed to refer to the routes through the underworld, but may additionally refer to the choices or paths taken in life, as he additionally seems to have actually been connected to the strength of the life pharaoh.

In the “Book that the Dead” and the publication of “That i beg your pardon Is in the Underworld” (Amduat) he leads the deceased with the underworld and also guards end them on your perilous journey, however he was also thought to act together a sugandan-news.comut because that the army, “opening a path” to enable them to proceed.

Acugandan-news.comrding to part traditions, it to be Wepwawet and also not Anubis or Ptah who devised the “opening that the mouth” ceremony i beg your pardon ensured the the human would have actually the usage of all your faculties in the afterlife. However, he likewise acugandan-news.commpanied the king once he to be hunting and also was provided the epithet, “the one with the sharp arrow who is much more powerful 보다 the gods.”


More recently, his surname (Upuaut) was provided highly accordingly to the small robot supplied to investigate the “air shafts” in the great Pyramid.

Wepwawet may also have symbolized the unification of Upper and also Lower Egypt. In royal processions his typical was paired v the Apis Bull (representing lower Egypt). Yet in one engraving the place of his bear is asserted to it is in the temple of the goddess Wadjet in Buto (in the Delta). It seems that this to be a political relocate as all other evidence suggests that he had Upper Egyptian origins.

Wepwawet to be generally shown as a wolf or a male with the head of a wolf. However there is some debate regarding whether that is in truth a wolf. Unequal Anubis, that is often shown with a grey or white head, and the Greeks called the Thirteenth nome of upper Egypt Lyugandan-news.compolis (Wolf town) in his honour.

Some scholar argue that he was a jackal and also others the he was initially a wolf but was an unified with Anubis, and so came to be seen as a jackal-headed god. He was often depicted alongside the uraeus (royal ugandan-news.combra) and also a “shedshed” standard. A an excellent example that this have the right to be viewed on the Pre-Dynastic Narmer Macehead.

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His relationships with the various other gods were ugandan-news.comnfused by the merging and also shifting of duties throughout Egyptian history. Wepwawet to be closely associated with Anubis who was originally component of the Ogdoad that Hermopolis, and came come be seen as his son. However, that was likewise linked to the god Shu that the Ennead that Heliopolis by the epithet “he who has actually separated the sky from the earth”.

When the 2 theologies merged and Anubis made way for Osiris the idea emerged that Osiris to be the father of Anubis (although his mother was typically not defined as Osiris’ mam Isis but rather her sister Nephythys). Come ugandan-news.commplicate problem further, Wepwawet to be sometimes referred to as the “son that Isis” and identified as Horus (and thus the pharaoh) although she was likewise seen together the grand-daughter the Shu and the step-mother that Anubis acugandan-news.comrding come the Heliopolitan tradition.

BibliographyBard, Kathryn (2008) An development to the Archaeology of ancient EgyptBudge, E Wallis (1904) The gods of the EgyptiansGoodenough, Simon (1997) Egyptian MythologyKemp, Barry J (1991) old Egypt: Anatomy that a CivilisationRedford Donald B (2002) ancient Gods SpeakWatterson, Barbara (1996) god of old EgyptWilkinson, Richard H. (2003) The ugandan-news.commplete Gods and also Goddesses of old EgyptWilkinson, Richard H. (2000) The ugandan-news.commplete holy places of old Egypt