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Thor’s hammer is fear by jötnar, giants of vikings mythology (singular jötunn) who venture to steal the or decoy the god that thunder into their lands without his hammer and Megingjörð, Thor’s belt of power. Miniature pendant replicas of Thor’s hammer were very popular in the Viking age Scandinavia. The variant specific for Iceland to be cross-shaped, while Thor’s hammers native Sweden and also Norway often tended to be arrow or T-shaped. According to part researchers, the swastika shape uncovered in east Anglia and Kent prior to Christianization, may be a different of the very same symbol. In the original Old norseman manuscripts the surname of Thor’s hammer is spelled either mjǫlnir or mjǫllnir. The is thought to be etymologically regarded the English word mill and to average ‘crusher’. One more version states it is related to the Russian native молния and the Welsh mellt, both definition ‘lightning’.
Many contemporary Thor’s hammer pendants shot to feature the native Mjollnir in the Elder Futhark runes, just replacing each letter with a matching rune. The procedure is incorrect. Mjolnir is one Old vikings word. Old Norse occurred in the 8 hours century. Due to its distinction as compared to its previously form, Proto-Norse, Vikings were to reform their runic composing system. Together a result, they embraced the Younger Futhark. By the finish of the 8 hours century the Elder Futhark was not in use any more. If us were to write the surname of Thor’s hammer in the Elder Futhark runes, us would need to reconstruct that in Proto-Norse. Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch reconstructs it as *melðnii̯az (one have to keep in mind that any kind of such reconstruction remains a theory). To my knowledge, there room no runic engravings that mention Thor’s hammer (though its image is existing on the runestone at Stenkvista in Södermanland, Sweden). However, if a viking would carve words mjölnir in Younger Futhark runes, the would more than likely do it choose this (it is a mere assumption):
Note that the last rune is ýr no reið. It is since the last -r in mjǫlnir developed from Proto-Germaic -z. The the contrary of this word composed in Younger Futhark runes is remarkable.
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Thor’s hammer as a norseman symbol widely used by the vikings points to Norse heathen beliefs. The is no a hate symbol. An ext on german heathen icons in my earlier article.
Photo: Thor’s hammer pendant indigenous the arsenal of the brother Museum, date to the ninth or 10th century, courtesy Thorskegga, all rights reserved. Provided by permission.