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January 2018

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U.S. bureau History: The California gold Rush

~ above January 24, 1848, workers building a experienced mill found gold in California"sAmerican River. Together a an outcome of the discovery, California"s population grewfrom about 8,000 in 1840 to 100,000 in 1850!

On January 24, 1848, James W. Marshall—a carpenter working at man Sutter"s sawmill near Placerville and also Coloma, CA—discovered yellow in California"s American River. Marshall"s nugget initiated the an initial of several massive western movements in American background as miners, prospectors, and also dreamers sought your share that the 750,000 pounds that gold discovered in California in between 1848 and also 1855.

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Following the discovery of the first gold nugget in his sawmill"s tailrace, man Sutter hoped to save the find a mystery to safeguard the agricultural empire he was building. Because that Sutter"s workers, the news was too great to store quiet. Rumors of gold in the area around new Helvetia (Sacramento, CA) reached San Francisco in in march 1848. The new York Herald reported the news on respectable 19, 1848, noting that the metal could be found in abundance and was waiting for miners to arrive to claim it. In his December 1848 resolve to Congress, chairman James Polk evidenced that the region (which Mexico yielded to the joined States previously in the year following acceptance of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo) to be rich with gold.

Between 1849 and 1855, countless aspiring miners, entrepreneurs, and also their households made the arduous land and sea trip to California. As a result of its rapidly growing populace and the damage of 1850, California became a state without first being a territory. The vast majority of people arriving in California never ever "struck the rich." plenty of followed rumors to various other gold and silver strikes, opened businesses providing mines and miners, and helped open up the west United says to settlement. Today, Americans and immigrants continue to dream that a brand-new life in California making the "Golden State" the many populous in the united States. In the 165 years in between 1850 and 2015, the state flourished from 92,597 to more than 39 million.You can learn an ext about California"s growth, the California yellow Rush, and also the nation"s mining market using data and records. For example:

The bureau of Economic analysis reported the mining accounted because that $260.6 billion of the nation"s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016. (The GDP procedures the nation"s full output that goods and also services.) Mining, other than oil and gas, (including yellow mining) was responsible because that $61.6 exchange rate of the gross residential product that year.

News that the discovery of gold in California reached the eastern United states by respectable 1848. Chairman James Polk shown the discoveryin an deal with to congress on December 5, 1848. Americans soon started "rushing" come California by land and also sea prior to the "easy" yellow disappeared.Between 1850 and 1860, California"s population grew from 92,597 come 379,994—a 310 percent increase!Photo courtesy the the State of Oregon.

This Month in History

On January 1, 1960, the U.S. Population reached 179 million—nearly copy in size since 1910.Between 1910 and 1960, Los Angeles, Houston, and Washington, DC, replaced Boston, Pittsburgh, and Buffalo top top the perform of the nation"s 10 biggest urban places.

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Did girlfriend Know?

California gold miners "rushed" to Nevada"s Virginia range following the 1859 notice of the Comstock Lode"s rich silver and gold fields.The flow of miners and their family members led come the creation of the Nevada territory (from the Utah Territory) in 1861, and also statehood on October 31, 1864. Between 1860 and 1870, Nevada"s population grew from 6,857 to 42,941.Miners and also entrepreneurs established Virginia City, NV—county seat of Storey County, NV—to assistance Comstock Lode mining tasks in 1859. Peaking in ~ 10,917 in 1880, Virginia City"s populace was 855 in 2010.Photo courtesy of the Library that Congress.

See more: Guilty Liberal Victims And Their Assault On America, Liberal Victims And Their Assault On America

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Gold Mining

In 2012, there to be 6,091 mining establishments (except oil and also gas, NAICS 212) in the United states that to work 211,830 people.In 2014, the U.S. Geological inspection reported that domestic gold mines (NAICS 212221) produced about 210 metric lots of the yellow metal valued at $8.6 billion. In that exact same year, silver- mines (NAICS 212222) produced an ext than 1,180 metric tons of silver.Photo courtesy the the Mine Safety and also Health Administration.

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