The Renaissance to be a fervent period of european cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” complying with the middle Ages. Generally defined as following from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance advocated the rediscovery of classic philosophy, literature and also art. Several of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and also artists in person thrived during this era, while worldwide exploration opened up up brand-new lands and cultures to european commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap in between the center Ages and also modern-day civilization.

From Darkness come Light: The Renaissance starts

During the center Ages, a duration that took place between the fall of old Rome in 476 A.D. And also the beginning of the 14th century, europeans made couple of advances in science and art.

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Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is frequently branded together a time the war, ignorance, famine and also pandemics such as the black Death.

Some historians, however, believe that such grim depictions the the Middle eras were substantially exaggerated, though many agree the there was fairly little to the for ancient Greek and Roman philosophies and also learning in ~ the time.

READ MORE: 6 reasons the Dark eras Weren't so Dark


During the 14th century, a social movement referred to as humanism started to gain momentum in Italy. Amongst its plenty of principles, humanism supported the idea that man was the facility of his very own universe, and people should adopt human success in education, classical arts, literature and science.

In 1450, the innovation of the Gutenberg to press press permitted for improved communication throughout Europe and also for concepts to spread much more quickly.

As a an outcome of this advancement in communication, little-known messages from at an early stage humanist writer such together those through Francesco Petrarch and also Giovanni Boccaccio, which promoted the renewal of classic Greek and also Roman culture and values, to be printed and also distributed come the masses.

Additionally, numerous scholars believe advances in global finance and trade impacted culture in Europe and collection the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici household

The Renaissance started in Florence, Italy, a location with a rich social where well-off citizens could afford to assistance budding artists.

Members the the an effective Medici family, which ruled Florence for more than 60 years, were well known backers that the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and also others declared that they were participating in one intellectual and also artistic revolution that would certainly be much various from what castle experienced throughout the Dark Ages.

The movement very first expanded to other Italian city-states, such together Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and Rome. Then, throughout the 15th century, Renaissance concepts spread indigenous Italy to France and also then transparent western and northern Europe.

Although other European nations experienced their Renaissance later on than Italy, the effects were tho revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some of the many famous and also groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and writers include the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and also architect whose more realistic depictions of human emotions influenced generations that artists. Ideal known because that his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and scholar melted at the stake for translating the bible into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer known for his breakthrough of the English madrigal and his religious organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and also Science

Art, architecture and science were very closely linked during the Renaissance. In fact, it was a unique time when these areas of study fused together seamlessly.

For instance, artists choose da Vinci incorporated scientific principles, such as anatomy into their work, for this reason they can recreate the human being body through extraordinary precision.

Architects such as Filippo Brunelleschi studied math to correctly engineer and also design immense structures with expansive domes.

Scientific discoveries led to major shifts in thinking: Galileo and also Descartes presented a new view the astrology and mathematics, when Copernicus proposed that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the solar system.

Renaissance arts was characterized by realism and also naturalism. Artist strived to depict people and objects in a true-to-life way.

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They used techniques, such together perspective, shadows and also light to add depth to their work. Emotion was one more quality that artists tried come infuse into their pieces.

Some the the many famous creative works that were produced during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The critical Supper (Da Vinci)Statue of David (Michelangelo)The birth of Venus (Botticelli)The production of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance expedition

While many artists and thinkers used their talents to express new ideas, some Europeans took to the seas come learn much more about the world around them. In a period known as the period of Discovery, several vital explorations were made.

Voyagers launched expeditions to take trip the whole globe. They discovered brand-new shipping paths to the Americas, India and the far East and explorers trekked throughout areas the weren’t completely mapped.

Famous journeys to be taken by Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after who America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and other explorers.

READ MORE: The period of Exploration

Renaissance religious beliefs

Humanism motivated Europeans to question the duty of the roman inn Catholic church during the Renaissance.

As more people learned exactly how to read, write and also interpret ideas, they started to closely examine and also critique faith as lock knew it. Also, the to press press enabled for texts, including the Bible, to be easily reproduced and also widely review by the people, themselves, for the an initial time.

In the 16th century, martin Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant improvement – a revolutionary activity that brought about a break-up in the Catholic church. Luther questioned numerous of the techniques of the church and also whether lock aligned v the teachings of the Bible.

As a result, a new kind of Christianity, known as Protestantism, was created.

End the the Renaissance

Scholars believe the demise of the Renaissance was the result of several compounding factors.

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By the finish of the 15th century, countless wars had plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and German intruders battling because that Italian territories led to disruption and also instability in the region.