What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, one of the four straightforward operations of arithmetic, gives the an outcome of combining teams of same sizes.

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Here each team has 3 ice creams, and also there space two such groups. So, there room 2 time 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice creams in total. In other words, multiplication is repeated addition.

Multiplication is stood for by the signs cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or dot ‘·’. When we multiply 2 numbers, the prize we acquire is called ‘product’. The number of objects in each team is dubbed ‘multiplicand,’ and also the number of such equal groups is referred to as ‘multiplier’.

For example:

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30

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In the given image, 4 flowers have 8 petals each. To discover the total variety of petals, we can multiply the variety of flowers by the variety of petals in each flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and the product is 4 × 8 or 32. That is, there room 32 petals in all.

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Multiplication utilizing number line

Representing a multiplication statement on a number line deserve to be done by acquisition jumps the multiplier number of times, the size identical to the multiplicand from zero.

For example:

4 × 2 = 8

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Properties that multiplication

Commutative Property: as soon as we multiply 2 numbers, the bespeak doesn’t matter. For numbers a and also b, a × b = b × a.

Associative Property: for numbers a, b, and also c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

Distributive Property: because that numbers a, b, and also c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

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Fun Facts:

If us multiply a number through 1, the product remains the same number. 1 is the identity facet under multiplication.If us multiply a number by 0, the product is zero.