MaterialMade the basaltDiscovered17 December 1791Created1480s
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Present locationNational Museum that AnthropologySimilarAztec calendar stone, Coatlicue statue, Double‑headed serpent, Montezuma"s headdress, Olmec colossal heads

The stone of Tizoc, Tizoc Stone or Sacrificial Stone is a large, round, sculpted Aztec stone. That is believed to have been a Cuauhxicalli, in which the understanding of victims of sacrifice were placed. Richard Townsend maintains, however, the the stone was hollowed in the 16th century for unknown purposes.

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The rock was rediscovered top top 17 December 1791 when building and construction was being excellent in downtown Mexico City. The workmen had been break up monuments the were found and using them together cobblestone. A churchman named Gamboa happened to it is in passing by and also saved the rock from the same result. The rock was then relocated to the cemetery of the adjacent Cathedral wherein it stayed until 1824, when it was relocated to the University. The stone is currently in the nationwide Museum of sociology in Mexico City.

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The monolith is made of basalt and measures 0.88 meters deep by 2.67 meter wide.

The stone depicts Tezcatlipoca, a significant Aztec god, hold the patron god of other areas by the hair. Aztec glyphs provide the surname of the initial site, which might have currently been conquered, or was considered divinely ordained to it is in conquered. The toponyms are written in a mixture of logographic and syllabic signs. Among the figures, however, is established as Tizoc, the Aztec Emperor indigenous 1481 to 1486, who is dressed in the costume the the god Huitzilopochtli (wearing a hummingbird headdress characteristics of that deity) and named through his surname glyph. This has led come the stone"s association v Tizoc. The stone also depicts the stars in ~ the height rim, emphasizing the heavens; triangular points at the bottom edge represent the earth. ~ above the peak side that the stone, there is an elaborately sculpted sun dial v eight triangular rays, representing the cardinal directions. The warriors carved into the rock are hold the hair that their adversaries gods, a gesture which represented submission and also defeat in the Aztec culture.

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Additionally, the relief may function as a symbolic manifestation that a routine act. In relationship to Mexica tradition, those conquered were meant to send sacrificial offerings come the victor, Tizoc. Here, then, Townsend watch the stone as acknowledgement of together a transaction.

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The rock of Tizoc may have actually been used as a means of sacrifice or for the use of mock battles in between a team of warriors and also the victim, who was tied to the stone and offered a feathery club while the warriors had sharp swords or clubs. The importance of the rock of Tizoc is the it was used throughout the human being sacrifices, i beg your pardon Tizoc the emperor want glorified with his name. In addition, the emperor that the Aztecs would often tend to develop his kids on this rock, soaking in the blood of his enemies. In this depiction of him, Tizoc deserve to be assumed to it is in the inheritor of the Aztec empire.


Tizoc became the saturday emperor the the Tenochtitlán realm after his brother, Axayacatl, died in 1481. The rock depicts Tizoc"s image anywhere the stone; this to be a method to glorify Tizoc"s reign in spite of the many failed battles and also military strategies. The stone of Tizoc has become a clip of Aztec background along through the Aztec Calendar Stone. The Aztec sacrifice was hosted at the optimal of temples on especially chosen hills such together Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan in i m sorry priests had actually the victim tied to a large, flat stone and climate proceeded to reduced their understanding out, lifting it approximately the sunlight as an offering. The bodies to be either thrown down the holy place stairs or the heads were impaled top top a rack, also known as a tzompantli.

Sacrifices had begun in the Aztec society as a kind of worship to the gods that demanded payment for developing humanity. The capital of the Aztecs, Tenochtitlan, hosted thousands that sacrifices which connected men, women, and children. Estimates of sacrifices have ranged native 15,000 yearly in Tenochtitlan and 250,000 in central Mexico through Michael Harner come 60,000 or much less by bernard Ortiz de Montellano.

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Sacrifices were held to respect the gods together as: Huitzilopochtli, the god that sacrifice and also war, Tlaloc, the god of rain and fertility, Tezcatlipoca, the chief god that the Aztecs, and also Quetzalcoatl, the god that education, priesthood, and also civilization.