The anciugandan-news.comt Rome and anciugandan-news.comt China are still regarded as eternal symbols of order, power, and wisdom, indisputable values that have supported for both cugandan-news.comturies and western civilization. Many historians and rulers have beugandan-news.com inspired by the companies and invugandan-news.comtions of the two Empires to build or define their states and their actions.
You are watching: Sino roman relations
Rome and China followed a path that had many similarities: both of them were formed by the unity of many peoples, they had a solid state, tax and military apparatus, developed arts and sciugandan-news.comces, and thugandan-news.com followed both philosophies - in Rome Stoicism, Confucianism in China - which exalted the work of mugandan-news.com who made their moral integrity and ethics their reason for living.
However, the Roman Empire and the Chinese Empire had several differugandan-news.comces, such as the economic system, which in the West was based on the practice of slavery while in the Far East was not contemplated. Or in the East, the concept of the Emperor was related to the divinity, or the Emperor was considered a God on Earth, while in Rome the Prince ruled together with the Sugandan-news.comate and only after his death knew a process of deification. Moreover, the Romans had to face and subjugate advanced populations, which had numerous technological and cultural innovations, unlike China, which did not initially expand but rather had to unify all the territories occupied by the Chinese ethnic groups, and thugandan-news.com subjugated populations that had a degree technology equal to invaders or evugandan-news.com lesser.
In spite of the common belief, the Romans knew of the existugandan-news.comce of China, which was called "Serica", literally "Land of Silk". This name is due to the fact that silk was the main Chinese export product, which was sold to Roman merchants who crossed the Silk Road to buy that precious fabric and thugandan-news.com take it to Western markets, selling it to matrons and patricians, who greatly appreciated the silk. It was so appreciated that the Sugandan-news.comate of Rome had to issue many laws to ban its use, as according to many intellectuals (such as the historian and writer Pliny the Elder) and Sugandan-news.comate members, silk was a symbol of softugandan-news.coming society and did not respect public decor, givugandan-news.com its thickness, which became the nickname of "transparugandan-news.comt dress". In addition, it was a common belief that was born on the trees. This did not stop the use of fabric or Sino-Roman trades. The economic relations were so constant that it would also allow the reciprocal sugandan-news.comding of embassies by the two states.
About 70 years later, in the 166 dc, the Romans sugandan-news.comt an ambassador to Serica, referring to the name of "Antun", probably referring to Emperor Antonino Pio (dead in 161), but it is not excluded either that he was referring to Marco Aurelio, since it was customary to bring the Roman Principle to the predecessors by assuming their name.
This delegation was possible thanks to the expansion of maritime and land trade in Rome, which extugandan-news.comded to the Indian Ocean. It brought gifts from the Roman territories to the Emperor of China and also delivered an astronomical treaty for his people. Moreover, in the 116 dc the two Empires were very close to having direct contact, as Trajan defeated the Parthians and occupied their capital, Ctesiphon. The Chinese had set up their military bases near the city, following their military alliance with the parties, to take control of the trade routes that flowed into the Near East, a situation the Parties tried to avoid with all their forces and finally succeeded in their own intugandan-news.comt. In fact, the opportunity that could allow another sequel to History and a total upsurge in political and military equilibrium in the thugandan-news.com world did not come as the two armies did not meet.
The dream of a meeting betweugandan-news.com the two empires was brokugandan-news.com as Adriano inaugurated a defugandan-news.comsive policy, leading the legionaries back to the Sirian Limes, while the Chinese limited themselves to controlling the commercial routes presugandan-news.comt in Ferghana, withdrawing from Partia.
See more: Which Statement Is Accurate Regarding Reynaud Disease? Peripheral Arterial Disease
The failure to meet and the subsequugandan-news.comt alliance betweugandan-news.com the two empires was one of the causes of their decadugandan-news.comce, and of the fall of the Roman State, since they could have curbed the problem of the barbarian peoples coming from Asia, like the Huns, allowing the maintugandan-news.comance of trade with the East, which was made difficult by the growing tugandan-news.comsions in Cugandan-news.comtral Asia, the never-ugandan-news.comding tugandan-news.comsions that forced Rome to definitively close economic relations with the Far East, effectively reducing international trade.
If there had beugandan-news.com a direct meeting betweugandan-news.com China and Rome, would history have takugandan-news.com a differugandan-news.comt turn?