one introduction

by James E. McClellan, domenico E. III bertoloni meli, Harold Dorn, James E. McClellan III

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This execution was released in 1999 by The Johns Hopkins University push in Baltimore, Md. composed in English — 404 pages

In contemporary industrial society, the tie between science and an innovation seems clear, also inevitable. But historically, as James E. McClellan III and also Harold Dorn repeat us, the connection has been far less apparent. For lot of human being history, modern technology depended more on the innovation of expert artisans 보다 it walk on the speculation of scientists. Modern technology as "applied science," the authors argue, emerged fairly recently, together industry and also governments started funding scientific study that would certainly lead directly to brand-new or boosted technologies. In scientific research and an innovation in civilization History, McClellan and Dorn market an advent to this an altering relationship.

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McClellan and also Dorn testimonial the historic record beginning with the thinking and also tool make of prehistoric humans. Neolithic people, for example, arisen metallurgy that a sort, using naturally developing raw copper, and also kept systematic records of the moon"s phases. Neolithic craftsmen possessed valuable knowledge that the actions of clay, fire, and also other elements of your environment, however though they may have had explanations because that the phenomena of their crafts, castle toiled without any kind of systematic science of products or the self-conscious application of theory to practice.

McClellan and also Dorn determine two an excellent scientific traditions: the beneficial sciences, patronized through the state indigenous the dawn of civilization, and also scientific theorizing, initiated by the ancient Greeks. Your is a inspection of the historical twists and also turns of these traditions, bring about the scientific research of our very own day.

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Without neglecting important figures of Western science such as Newton and Einstein, the authors demonstrate the great achievements the non-Western cultures. Castle remind united state that scientific traditions took source in China, India, and main and southern America, as well as in a series of near Eastern empires, throughout late antiquity and the middle Ages, consisting of the vast region that developed the Islamic conquest. Native this to compare perspective, the authors discover the development of Europe as a clinical and technological power. Proceeding their narrative through the Manhattan Project, NASA, and contemporary medical research, the authors weave the converging backgrounds of scientific research and modern technology into an integrated, perceptive, and highly readable narrative.

subjects History, Science, Technology, Tool and die makers, Natuurwetenschappen, Outilleurs, Histoire, Sciences, Techniek, Technologie, long Now hands-on for Civilization, background Of Science, history of design & technology, history Of Technology, Science/Mathematics, scientific research / History, civilization - General, Science, history, Technology, history, Tool and also die industry, World background