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The second Punic war took place in between 218 B.C.E. With 201 B.C.E. The battle was fought in between the old Romans and also the Carthaginians.

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The leaders of both armies were masters of warfare. The Carthaginians to be led by Hannibal, and the old Romans were affected by Scipio Africanus. Return Carthage lost the war, the fighting take it a significant toll top top both parties.


How did the second Punic war start?

After the first Punic War, the Carthaginians had actually lost all of their landholdings in Sicily. Throughout the complying with years, the Carthaginians, under the command of Hamilcar Barca, the father of Hannibal, conquered lands in Hispania, i beg your pardon is in present-day Spain and Portugal. After the fatality of Hamilcar Barca, the Carthaginian army was led through Hasdrubal and also then Hannibal.

Hannibal, well-known as the lover of Baal, had sworn hatred in the direction of the old Romans. Under the rule of the an initial Punic battle treaty, the Carthaginians were not to go north the the Ebro River. As soon as Hannibal came close to cross the Ebro River, the Saguntines furious Hannibal through massacring pro-Carthaginians within your cities.

This was a trouble for the Romans because they had no assistance pact signed through tribes south of Ebro River. ~ Hannibal campaigned versus the Saguntines, the old Romans wanted the Carthaginian senate to offer Hannibal come the Romans. Castle refused, and the 2 entities saw war again.

Battles combated in Italy

The ancient Romans attacked Carthage if Hannibal to be still in Hispania, likewise known as Iberia. Hannibal knew the something necessary to be excellent to avoid the Roman breakthrough on Carthage.

He determined that that would perform the unthinkable at the time and cross the Alps and took his army of 40,000 soldiers through contemporary southern France and proceeded to overcome the steep mountain range.

Along through his army, he took 37 war elephants to deliver goods, men, and also other necessary items necessary to rage battle on the ancient Romans.

The Alps took a toll fee on the Carthaginian army and also Hannibal’s battle elephants. Once he finally gotten in the Italian peninsula, his army had been reduced in half, and only 3 of the war elephants made it through the harsh climate while cross the steep snowy Alps.

The old Romans walk not believe the Carthaginians would assault because they had actually no fleet to transfer troops. Hannibal’s crossing end the Alps surprised the old Romans. No other army had ever tried together a tactic.

Hannibal’s feat in cross the Alps v war elephants

In the feather of 218 B.C.E., the old Romans struck Hannibal in northern Italy. Hannibal fought back with the 26,000 soldiers that stayed after cross the Alps. Hannibal was victorious in defeating the Romans at the Ticinus River and also the battle of Trebia.

Unfortunately for Hannibal, his effort was not obtained well through the Gallic and northern Italian cities. Many of the roman inn landholders had burned their chateaus so Hannibal can not plunder and use the land to feed his army. Yet none the less, Hannibal was able to increase his army to 50,000 soldiers.

The complying with year the Romans tried come ambush Hannibal close to the city that Arretium. But Hannibal knew of the ambush beforehand. He bypassed the trap and continued his method toward Rome.

The Romans suffered an additional defeat at the battle of Lake Trasimene, where they were ambushed by Hannibal and practically destroyed by the Carthaginians.

At this point, Hannibal walk not desire to put siege ~ above the city the Rome. His army lacked the tools to siege the city and also did not have actually the appropriate supply lines come replenish his troops. Instead, Hannibal went southern to stir increase trouble and possibly start a rebellion against Rome through the southerly cities.

The roman inn dictator at the time was Fabius Maximus. He decided not come engage straight with Hannibal’s army. Instead, the tried to further reduced off the supply lines to Hannibal’s military by plundering the countryside.

Rome walk not prefer this idea. Fabius Maximus to be replaced, and the new leaders the the roman inn military chose to struggle Hannibal in 216 B.C.E. At the city that Cannae. The Romans had an army of 70,000 soldiers and also Hannibal 50,000 men at the beginning of the battle.

After Hannibal had actually the facility of his heat retreat, he had the ability to encircle the Romans. Only 16,000 roman inn soldiers lived after the fight of Cannae.

Hannibal obtained the support of number of entities ~ Cannae, consisting of Macedonia, Syracuse, Tarentum, and also Capua. ~ the defeat, Fabius Maximus was placed in charge again and also started his tactics of plundering the countryside and harassing Hannibal’s army once again.

Iberia and also Hispania

While Hannibal to be fighting in Italy, his brother-in-law Hasdrubal had actually been involved with the Romans in Iberia, additionally known together Hispania. In 211 B.C.E., Rome overtook Saguntum, Capua, and Syracuse, which sustained a two-year siege by making use of defense tools invented by Archimedes.Advertisement

Eventually, Hasdrubal won versus the Romans yet still did no feel comfortable sending reinforcements to Hannibal in Italy.


In 210 B.C.E., the Romans sent out Scipio Africanus to Iberia to confront Hasdrubal. At this point, the Romans attacked the harbor city the Carthago Nova, the resources of Iberia under Carthage. Scipio Africanus succeeded in defeating Hasdrubal, who withdrew his forces and tried to cross the Alps.

The Romans were all set this time v a huge force. They beat Hasdrubal in ~ the fight of Metaurus river in 207 B.C.E. Eventually, the remaining Carthaginian army in Iberia was beat at the fight of Ilipa in 206 B.C.E.

Attack ~ above Carthage

Scipio had actually returned to Rome as a great hero for winning in Iberia. In 205 B.C.E., the was placed in command the the army. He wanted to finish the war by attacking Carthage.

He proceeded to take it a huge force and also attack Carthage. He landing in Utica in phibìc Africa and also recruited the Numidians to aid fight versus the Carthaginians. Hannibal went back from Italy, however his army was much smaller.

Hannibal had actually lost the to trust of the Iberian and also Gallic soldiers that did no make the trip back to Carthage. The two leaders met come talk around peace, yet they to be unable to kind a peace treaty. In 202 B.C.E., the Romans defeated the Carthaginians at the battle of Zama.

Hannibal endured the battle and also sued for peace with the Romans, thus finishing the second Punic War.

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Facts about the second Punic War

The second Punic War started in 218 B.C.E.Hannibal was the leader that the Carthaginians.Scipio Africanus to be the leader of the roman inn army.The 2nd Punic battle was combated on the Italian peninsula, Hispania, also known as Iberia and also North Africa.Hannibal never did invade the ancient city that Rome throughout the second Punic War.Hannibal to be the first person to command an army over the Alps to attack Italy.Hannibal offered war elephants to help transport supplies and troops.The second Punic War ended at the battle of Zama, wherein the Carthaginians were defeated by the Romans.

Questions and also Answers

Who was Hannibal’s father?

Hamilcar Barca

What pet did Hannibal’s army bring v them while cross the Alps?

War elephants

Who was the roman inn leader who defeated Hannibal and also Carthage?

Scipio Africanus

Where was the last fight of the 2nd Punic war fought?

The city that Zama

What mountain selection did Hannibal and also his military cross in bespeak to assault northern Italy?

The Alps