The Mediterranean Sea is the world’s tenth-largest sea, extending over 2.5 million km2. It accounts for about 0.7% the the an international Ocean and is associated to the Atlantic s by a small strait known as the Strait of Gibraltar. The Mediterranean Sea is comprised of 12 marginal seas of varied surface ar area. One together subdivision of the Mediterranean Sea is the Aegean Sea. The is the Mediterranean’s fourth-largest marginal sea, covering 214,000 km2.

Where Is The Aegean Sea?

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Aegean Sea


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Those who have actually read about the mythical Trojan war or studied their bibles may have actually come throughout the Aegean Sea. For years, heroes both mythical and real crisscrossed the sea during their explorations and also travels. However, the Aegean Sea is not mythical. That is a genuine sea and also an expansion of the Mediterranean Sea.

The Aegean Sea has a surface area of about 215,000 km2 and also a depth the 3,544 m in ~ the deepest end. It has a maximum size of around 700 km and a broad of 400 km. The Bosphorus and also Dardanelles Straits affix the Aegean Sea come the black color Sea and the Marmara Sea respectively. The Aegean is subdivided into the Myrtoan Sea and the Thracian Sea (marked on the map above) and lies ~ above the African and Eurasian tectonic plates\" collision path, make the region one the the many seismically energetic areas in the Mediterranean.


The sea is situated in between the Anatolia and also Balkan peninsulas and lies between Turkey and also Greece. Nine out of 12 of Greece’s administrative regions border the sea. Turkish provinces, such as Balikesir, Canakkale, Edirne, and Izmir, borders the Aegean to the east. The Aegean Sea is a source of dispute and also controversy between Turkey and also Greece, affecting your relationship due to the fact that the 1970s.

Origin the The surname

According to Greek Mythology, the name “Aegean Sea” is attributed to Aegeus. According to a legend, King Minos that Crete wanted to punish the Athenians for killing his son Androgeus. Androgeus to be a talented athlete who beat Aegeus in every Panathenaic Games. Since Aegeus to be envious that the young athlete, he encouraged him come fight through a Cretan bull which eliminated him.

Because the his young death, King Minos declared war on the Athenians and won, v the Athenians becoming his subject. The king inquiry a tribute native the Athenians, which to be to be payment every ripe years. 14 Athenian boys and also girls were to be sent out to Crete to it is in sacrificed. They to be to be killed by Minotaur, a mythical creature with a bull’s head and also human body.


Aegeus’ son, Theseus, and also Aithra decided that they would go and also kill Minotaur to finish the Athenians\" suffering. He replaced among the boys and also departed for Crete. Before they left, Aegeus agreed v the son that they would certainly hoist a black color sail if they to be defeated and a white sail if they eliminated the monster. On his way, Theseus met and also fell in love through Ariadne, King Minoa’s daughter, who provided him a reservation on how to escape after death the monster. Theseus managed to death the monster. However, on their means back, the civilization forgot come raise the white sail. Together they approached the shores, Aegeus spotted the ship v a black sail and also believed the his son had been killed. In despair, Aegeus jumped into the sea and also died.

Islands In The Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea has actually over 1,400 archipelago of varying sizes and formations. The bulk of the islands space administered by Greece, v Turkey declare a few of these islands. Since these islands are many, lock are generally divided right into seven groups.

North Aegean Islands: north Aegean Islands space islands on the Aegean Sea that are grouped together for governmental or traveler purposes. These islands carry out not type a group or chain, through the bulk of the archipelago belonging to Greece. The main Greek island in this team are the Chios, Samos, Lemnos, Ikaria, Lesbos, Psara, and also Rhodes. The Turkish Islands are Tenedos, Imbros, and the Rabbit.


West Aegean Islands: The key West Aegean Island is the Euboea Island, separated indigenous mainland greek by Euripus Strait. The is Greek’s second-largest island after ~ Crete and also has a populace of about 198,000 people.

Sporades: Sporades islands are located on the east coastline of Greece. It is comprised of 24 islands, 4 of which have actually permanent populations. These four islands space Skyros, Alonnisos, Skopelos, Skiathos.

Cyclades: The Cyclades are situated southeast that Greek’s mainland. The island group is made up of 220 islands, v Naxos as the biggest island and also Syros the most populous one. Other islands incorporate Amorgos, Andros, Delos, Milos, Paros, and Sifnos.

Saronic Islands: the Saronic islands are located within the Saronic Gulf, off the mainland the Greece. That is inhabited and also main islands include Poros, Agistri, Aegina, and also Salamis. These islands host most Greek vacation homes and also can it is in accessed through ferries.

Dodecanese: The Dodecanese is a group of 15 major and 150 small islands located on the southeastern part of the Aegean Sea. 26 of this islands space inhabited, consisting of Rhodes, Patmos, Chalki, Kasos, Symi, and Kalymnos.

Crete: Crete is the biggest Greek island and also the world 88th largest. It boundaries the southern part of the Aegean Sea and has a populace of approximately 635,000 people. Crete and also the bordering islands type the Crete Region.


The Climate the The Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea experience a Mediterranean climate, experienced in western Turkey and Greece. The climate is characterized as Hot-summer Mediterranean, defined by drier and also hotter summers and wetter and milder winters. During summers, the region experiences reduced temperatures 보다 arid and also semi-arid climates. The climate of the northern section of the Aegean Sea can be classified as cold semi-arid, defined by cooler summers. The weather in the Aegean container is mainly influenced by the Etesian wind.

Brief history

Before the Aegean coast formed, the water levels were around 130 meter lower. Several of the islands, such together the Milos, were still linked to the mainland. The present-day shore may have appeared around 4000 BCE.

Europe’s an initial advanced civilization started on the Aegean islands, including Crete throughout the Minoan Civilization, which flourished in between 3000 and also 1450 BCE. The bronze Age civilization resulted in stunning artworks, complex buildings, and extensive trade networks.

Several Greek urban emerged between the 8 hours and 6th centuries, significant ones consisting of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth. These urban were close to the Aegean Sea. Soon, the Aegean Sea come under the manage of Alexander the an excellent and his father Philip II. After ~ Alexander the Great\"s death, his generals divided the kingdom amongst themselves, make it much easier for the Roman empire to conquer some that them. The subsequent loss of the Roman realm gave way for the oriental Empire to dominate the Aegean Sea increase to approximately the 14th century.


Following the autumn of the byzantine Empire, the Ottoman realm took regulate of the Aegean coast, other than Crete. The Ottomans’ visibility on the sea lasted over 500 years until after civilization War I. Subsequently, Turkey and also Greece took over the control of the sea, v each nation resuming its contemporary border.

Human settlements Along The Aegean Sea

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Fishing harbor at Agios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece. Crete is the most occupied island in the Aegean Sea. Picture credit: Havoc/Shutterstock.com
The Aegean islands and also mainland coast are populated mainly through Turkish and also Greek populations. The settlements are situated along the coast, when the islands hold some that the largest towns and also cities. Athens is the largest city located near the Aegean Sea, with a populace of approximately 3.1 million. It is linked to the Greek islands by the port of Piraeus. The most populous Turkish city closest to the Aegean Sea is Izmir, v a populace of around 2.9 million people.

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Rank

City

Region/County

Population (urban)

1

AthensGreece3,090,508
2İzmir

Turkey

2,947,000

3

Thessaloniki

Greece

824,676

4

Heraklion

Greece

173,993

5

Volos

Greece

144,449

6

Çanakkale

Turkey

111,137

7

Chania

Greece

108,642

8

Rhodes (city)

Greece

86,199

9

Alexandroupoli

Greece

72,959

10

Kavala

Greece

70,501


Crete is the most populated island in the Aegean Sea, with a population of approximately 635,000 people. The island has been populated for end 130,000 years and also was Europe’s very first center that civilization. The second-most heavily populated island is Euboea Island, with a populace of around 190,000 people.


Marine Life and also Protected areas

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Seagull flying end the Aegean Sea. Photo credit: TheodorB/Shutterstock.com The Aegean an ar hosts over 3,300 tree species, of which 685 varieties are endemic come Greece and 478 types are endemic come the Aegean. Some of the types occur specifically on the islands, if others take place on the seafloor. East Aegean boasts the the highest variety of marine species, when the Cyclades is types impoverished. Kriti is taken into consideration the biodiversity hotspot not only in the Aegean however the whole Mediterranean Sea. Several Mediterranean monk seal, sharks, whales, dolphins, and also sea turtle varieties inhabit the sea. Sponges, fish, and sardines are additionally found in plenty throughout the Aegean Sea and support the big scale fishing industry.




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Human activities on the Aegean Sea have actually been walk on for countless years in kind of shipping and fishing. Air pollution and seaside urban advancement have likewise characterized the sea. These activities have brought about catastrophic consequences, including oil spills, marine accidents, and depletion of the marine stock. Thus, greece has marked some the its seaside areas together a marine protected area. Currently, four of Greek’s maritime protected locations are participating in the Network of supervisors of Marine safeguarded Areas, consisting of Alinnosos maritime Park.

Economy

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Mykonos island, Cyclades, Greece, is a well-known tourist location in the Aegean Sea region. Picture credit: Pawel Kazmierczak/Shutterstock.com
The Aegean is a major fishing ground, through Greece having the second-largest fleet in Europe. Fish is one of Greece’s largest farming exports. The major fish caught in the Aegean Sea encompass gray mullets, sardines, sea bass, groupers, and mackerel. The Aegean coast is also home to number of ports, including the harbor of Piraeus. The is Europe’s biggest passenger port and services over 15 million passengers annually. The port additionally links Athens to the Aegean island.

The islands room also significant tourist destinations. There are 5 UNESCO world Heritage sites on the Aegean Islands, do them among Turkey and also Greece\"s many visited places. Travel accounts for around 25% that Greece’s GDP. Turkey and Greece have also successfully developed resort locations that have actually attracted a big number the tourists.