Corinthian organization (338 BCE): confederation the Greek cities, meant by king Philip the Macedonia to control Greece, and used by Alexander the good in his war against the Achaemenid Empire.

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Philip II

In august 338, the Macedonian king Philip had defeated an military of Athenians and Thebans ~ above the level of Chaeronea, a town in central Greece (story). The Macedonian victory expected the end of the self-reliance of the Greek towns: Philip required them now to join the Corinthian League.

The Roman writer Marcus Junianus Justinus - in English better known as Justin - gives a description of the first meeting in his Excerpt of the history of Philip through Pompeius Trogus.

After he had cleared up matters in Greece, Philip ordered the envoys have to be summoned to Corinth from all the says with a watch to consolidating the settlement. He over there propounded a commitment of peace for the totality of Greece, giving each state the share the it deserved, and also he produced a council of representatives to serve as a sort of common senate.

Only the Spartans refused to have actually anything to execute with the king or through the covenant; they thought about that a settlement implemented by the victor rather of gift agreed on through the states involved meant enslavement, not peace.

Next, the armed forces contributions were resolved that the individual claims were to make, whether to aid the king against attack or for making war under his command. But everyone realized that these arrangements to be directed against the Persian empire.note

The text of the treaty has partly to be preserved. The an initial line runs choose this:

I swear by Zeus, Earth, Sun, Poseidon, Athena, Ares, and all the gods and goddesses.

I will abide through the peace;nor will certainly I take it up arms through hostile intent against any among those who abide through the oaths one of two people by soil or through sea.

The provisions the the contract were:

that the constitutions of the member says would remain unchanged;that violence between the member says was no longer permitted;that it would establish the facts and declare war;that the league"s army was to be commanded by Philip;that the league"s member states would sent out a number of soldiers to the league"s army in proportion to your size.

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In 334, Alexander the an excellent took devices of the Corinthian organization with him as soon as he got into the Achaemenid Empire. The soldiers were sent back after the fatality of the Persian king Darius III Codomannus. Later, in the summer the 324, Alexander authorize the Decree top top the Exiles, in which that ordered the Greek cities to take earlier the people they had actually expelled. This to be a violation of the an initial provision that the treaty.