The Japanese Katana is comprised of a variety of different parts. The images and also descriptions here will carry out you with an introduction and explanation of them.

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Katana sword Parts

Habaki: (Blade collar): small square metal collar approximately the basic of the blade.Hamon: (Edge pattern): Waveform marks discovered on the leaf of the blade result from the fire because that tempering and also cooling throughout the coating procedure of clay.Hi: (Groove): Lengthwise depression the the blade, offered to lighten the piece and also avoid the anxiety of focused shock that can break or bend the blade of the sword.Mune: (Back): earlier edge the the tongue of the sword. This is the component of the blade is no sharp.Kashira: (Pommel): Pommel or knob found on the bottom of the handle.Kissaki: (Point): Rounded pointer of the sword, and also the most complicated part come polish.Mei: Signature that the dealer, normally on the Nakago (shaft).Mekugis: Bamboo pins that duty as screws keeping the spike, “nakago” in ar under the take care of (tsuka). This pins must be durable, but flexible sufficient not to break the sword once it is struck.Menuki: small ornaments or sculptures (usually the animals) on the side of the handle. Traditionally supplied to indicate the nature of the sword holder.Nagasa: totality blade the the Katana (length).Nakago: (Shaft): column of the sword that goes into the handle.Sageo: (Hanging cord): Strap i m sorry attaches the scabbard come the belt.Samé: (Ray skin): Tsuka (handle) backing. It offered to it is in made the shark or beam skin to avoid slippage of Tsuka-Ito.Saya: (Scabbard): Sheath that protects the blade from damage and also protects every human who comes close to the blade. They are usually do of wood.Tsuba: (Guard): Hand guard. It’s a occupational of art in itself made by the clans and also dynasties responsible because that ‘tsuba’.Tsuka: (Handle): manage or grip the is wrapped v a fabric or string: the tsukaito.Yokote: line between the pointer of the rest of the blade

That go it for katana parts. Below you have the right to learn how the parts of the scabbard and also and blade space called.

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The art of pack the knife hilt is referred to as tsukamaki, and also it requires a many patience, persistence, and also attention to details. For this art, the materials needed space glue, the towel (ito), paper, and also the tsuka.

Scabbard Parts

Katana Scabbard Parts

In Japanese, the scabbard for a katana is referred to as saya, and also the hand security piece, regularly intricately designed together an individual job-related of art, is referred to as the tsuba.

Other facets of the mountings (koshirae), such as the menuki (decorative tight swells), habaki (blade collar and also scabbard wedge), fuchi and kashira (handle collar and cap), kozuka (small energy knife handle), kogai (decorative skewer-like implement), saya lacquer, and ito (professional take care of wrap, also named emaki), received comparable levels of artistry.

Katana tongue Parts


Katana tongue Parts

Each blade has actually a distinct profile, mostly dependent top top the smith and also the construction method. The most prominent is the middle ridge, or shinogi. The shinogi have the right to be placed near the earlier of the blade for a longer, sharper, and an ext fragile sheet – or a much more moderate shinogi close to the facility of the blade.

The sword also has precise tip shape, which is considered very important characteristic. The tip have the right to be lengthy (okissaki), tool (chukissaki), quick (kokissaki), or also hooked backwards (ikuri-okissaki). In addition, even if it is the front edge of the pointer is much more curved (fukura-tsuku) or (relatively) directly (fukura-kareru) is also important.

The kissaki (point) is no a “chisel-like” point, no one is the western knife translate of a “tanto point” found on true Japanese swords. A straight, linearly-sloped allude has the benefit of being basic to grind, but it bears just a superficial similarity to traditional Japanese kissaki.

Kissaki have a curved profile, and smooth three-dimensional curvature across their surface ar towards the edge – despite they room bounded by a straight line referred to as the yokote and have crisp meaning at all your edges.


Katana Sword tang Parts

A hole is drilled right into the flavor (nakago), dubbed a mekugi-ana. The is provided to anchor the blade using a mekugi, a small bamboo pin that is placed into an additional cavity in the tsuka and through the mekugi-ana, for this reason restricting the tongue from slipping out. To eliminate the tsuka one clears the mekugi. The knife smith’s signature (mei) is placed on the nakago.

Some clues on the blade space purely aesthetic. Signatures and also dedications created in kanji and also engravings showing gods, dragons, or various other acceptable beings, referred to as horimono.

Some are much more practical. The presence of a “blood groove” or HI (also recognized as “fuller”) does no actually permit blood to flow much more freely from cuts made with the sword. Over there is no distinction in ease of withdrawing a tongue from the saya, or a reduction of the sucking sound, which plenty of people believe was the factor for consisting of this feature on commando velvet in world War II.

Instead, the objective is to lighten and strengthen the knife blade. The grooves are constant in framework to an ns beam, lessening the load of the knife yet maintaining structural integrity and strength. The an easy design principle is that bending causes more stress in product near the edge or earlier of the blade than product in the middle, because of leverage. Blood grooves remove material from close to this neutral axis, i beg your pardon is closer to the blade’s spine if one sheet is sharpened. This returns stiffer knives of a given weight, or lighter knives of a given stiffness.

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Furthermore the grooves (always done on both political parties of the blade) make a whistling sound once the knife is swung (the tachikaze). If the swordsman hears one whistle when swinging a grooved katana climate that way that just one groove is do the whistle. 2 whistles means that both the sheet of the blade and a groove room making a whistle, and also three whistles with each other (the blade edge and both grooves) would certainly tell the swordsman the his blade is perfectly angled with the direction that the cut.