Jamaica has actually a history of previous Zika Virus transmission. Over there is at this time no proof of an ongoing Zika Virus outbreak. However, there is minimal information obtainable and there may be delays in detecting and also reporting new cases.
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Take meticulous anti-mosquito bite measures throughout the daytime. Pregnant travellers have to seek counselling from a travel medicine specialist and also carefully consider the risks connected with travel to this country.Description
Zika Virus infection is led to by the Zika Virus (ZIKV) belonging to the Flaviviridae family. The virus is primarily transmitted by infected daytime biting female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes which space typically energetic from dawn come dusk. There is evidence that Zika Virus is likewise transmitted by various other mosquitoes belonging to the Aedes genus. The virus can betransfer indigenous a pregnant woman to she fetus.Risk
Zika Virus is present in Mexico, main America, south America, the Caribbean, tropical locations of south east Asia, Oceania, and also parts the Africa. All travellers are at risk. Irreversible travellers and aid or missionary employees going to areas where Zika Virus is endemic space at higher risk.
Zika Virus is connected with neurological complications: Guillain-Barré syndrome (progressive muscle weak that can lead to momentary paralysis) and microcephaly (decreased head size which may bring about developmental delays) in infants born come pregnant ladies infected v the virus.
Is Zika Virus still a risk?
Real-time data top top Zika Virus outbreaks and transmission is regularly not available. This is due to the fact that most human being who end up being infected with Zika Virus perform not display signs or symptoms. In some countries, reliable reporting and also monitoring solution that monitor virus transmission may not it is in available. Together a result, it is no always feasible to convey a country’s existing level that risk, but travellers must take precautions where hazard exists.
All tourists going to locations with Zika Virus risk are advised to take mosquito bite precautions, particularly during the daytime. Pregnant ladies or couples considering pregnancy have to consult a healthcare practitioner before travel.
In the bulk of cases, Zika Virus epidemic is asymptomatic – persons perform not exhibit symptoms. Those with symptoms usually get ill 3-12 days after gift bitten by an infected mosquito. Symptoms encompass mild fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea, vomiting, and general malaise. The condition is characterized by pink eye (inflammation the the conjunctiva), a skin rash through red clues on the face, neck, trunk, and also upper arms which have the right to spread come the palms or soles, and sensitivity to light. Part may also have a absence of appetite, diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, and dizziness. Most people fully recover native the illness within 7 days. Treatment includes supportive treatment of symptoms. Over there is no antiviral treatment available.
The Zika Virus is concerned Dengue, Yellow Fever, West Nile Virus, and Japanese Encephalitis. It may be misdiagnosed because that Dengue and also Chikungunya.Prevention
Travellers walk to locations with Zika Virus have to take meticulous procedures to stop mosquito bites during the daytime. Over there is at this time no preventative medication or vaccine versus Zika Virus.Use a repellent include 20%-30% DEET or 20% Picaridin on exposed skin. Re-apply according to manufacturer"s directions.Wear neutral-coloured (beige, light grey) clothing. If possible, wear long-sleeved, breathable garments.If available, pre-soak or spray external layer clothing and gear with permethrin. Remove water containers roughly dwellings and also ensure the door and window screens occupational properly. Use sunscreen very first followed through the repellent (preferably 20 minutes later).
Pregnancy and also Zika Virus
visitors who are pregnant or considering pregnancy need to take unique precautions because that themselves and also their partners.
Pregnant women: If you are pregnant or planning pregnancy, you should take into consideration postponing take trip to areas with threat of Zika Virus transmission. Protect against travel to areas with active Zika Virus outbreaks.
Travellers v a pregnant partner: Practice safe sex because that the duration of the pregnancy after return from one area with Zika Virus transmission.
Travellers considering pregnancy: after ~ visiting one area at danger of Zika Virus transmission, men should wait 3 months and also women have to wait 2 months prior to trying come conceive. If both partners travelled together, they should wait 3 months.
Practice for sure sex or abstinence even if friend or your partner do not have actually symptoms. Most Zika Virus infections space asymptomatic (show no indications or symptoms), but sexual infection of the virus deserve to still occur.Infographics
Download Pregnancy, Travel, and Zika Virus:
SourcesTesh RB, Solomon T. Japanese Encephalitis, West Nile, and also Other Flavivirus Infections. In: Guerrant, R; pedestrian D; Weller P, eds. Tropical transmittable Diseases. 3rd ed. New York: Saunders Elsevier; 2011: 511-514.
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Wertheim, Heiman; Horby, Peter; Woodall, John, eds. Atlas the Human transmittable Diseases. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012. 273 p.
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