What you must know about cold water immersion.
You are watching: How do you treat a victim of cold water immersion
Falling right into cold water is more than just an inconvenience, it"s downright dangerous.
For example, your body might react come the cold water or sustained immersion in cold water, in uncontrollable ways. Professionals have defined what happens to the body as soon as immersed in cold water and also have summarized the features and characteristics into four unique stages. Fail to recognize this, deserve to lead come hypothermia, a serious condition which is the abnormal lowering of inner body temperature that need to be treated just by clinical personnel or especially trained individuals.
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Any victim traction from cold water have to be treated for hypothermia - this is the an extremely dangerous and also important stage of survive which is a an outcome of cold water immersion. At this point, you have to seek trained medical treatment immediately. Symptoms of hypothermia may include intense shivering, lose of coordination, psychological confusion, cold and also blue (cyanotic) skin, weak pulse, untreated breathing, rarely often rare heartbeat, and enlarged pupils. As soon as shivering stops, core body temperature begins to drop critically. Try to avoid body cooling and also get the victim to a clinical facility immediately.Gently move the victim to a heat shelter. Check for breathing and a heartbeat. Start CPR if necessary. If you have dry apparel or a blanket, eliminate the victim"s wet clothes. Use a minimum of human body movement, since rough managing can reason cardiac arrest. Cut the garments off, if necessary. If possible, keep the victim in the same position as he was rescued to avoid a stroke brought about by moving them incorrectly. If relocating is vital (such as from a watercraft to shelter), closely lay the victim in a level face-up position with a blanket or some various other insulation underneath. Plunder the victim in a dry ceiling or dried clothes. If possible, warmth the clothing first. If a stocking cap is available, placed it ~ above the victim"s head because a good deal of heat is shed from the head. If the human being is awake and coherent, provide him or her heat (not hot) liquids. Heat hot tea with sugar or honey or slightly-cooled hot cacao are great since sugars have the right to still be absorbed even if the stomach has shut down. NEVER offer a hypothermic human alcohol. Alcohol dilates (opens) your veins, which will make the body shed heat much more rapidly. Also, carry out not give food or drink to unconscious victims. Perform NOT use heat come the arms and legs. This pressures cold blood from the arms and legs earlier toward the heart, lungs and brain, lowering main point body temperature and also causing "after drop" which have the right to be fatal. Do NOT massage the victim or offer the victim a warm bath. Cardiac arrest is a frequent an outcome of hypothermia, and also moving the victim approximately can it is in a catalyst because that this condition.