-Unlike Greece, Italy is not damaged up into small, secluded valleys-The Apennine mountains are much less rugged than those in Greece-Italy has broad, fertile plains in the North and also West, which supported the growing population


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Originally, the senate began with 300 patrician members. The Plebeians, that were farmers, merchants, and also artisans, had citizenship however very tiny influence. Eventually, the senate permitted the plebeians to elected tribunes to safeguard their interests. Tiny by little, the plebeians pressures the senate to select plebeians together consuls and also to recognize them together members the the senate.
Rome cure their beat enemies with justice. The conquered human being had to acknowledge Roman leadership, pay taxes, and supply soldiers because that the roman army. In return, Rome let them keep their customs, money and also local government. Rome also gave citizenship to the few privileged groups among the dominated people. Others came to be partial citizens who were permitted to marry Romans and also carry on trade in Rome.
1. Rome had a loyal, well-trained army made increase of citizen-soldiers2. Rome developed military roads to attach other places to Rome
The worry was end whether the senate or the popular political leaders should organize power. The senate want to store the federal government the means it was and also the well-known political leaders wanted to weaken the senate and enact reforms.
- left the senate and created a well-trained civil organization to obtrude its laws- high level work were open to men with talent, nevertheless of their class- ensured the allegiance of cities and also provinces by enabling them self-government- ordered a census to make the taxation system much more fair- collection up a postal service and also made brand-new coins come make profession easier- placed the unemployment to occupational making roads and temples and sent others to farm
Roman Republic:-Two consuls (held same power)-Dictator (came gradually of emergency)-Senate (had a lot of power)-Popular assemblies (military and also nonmilitary)Roman Empire:-Emperor (complete power)-Senate (had small power)
Positive-great wealth from conquests and also trade-created a brand-new class of well-off Romans -defensible borders -more world to salary taxes -slaves to occupational the landNegative-widening gap in between rich and also poor resulted in riots-use of slave labor and imports of serial drove tiny farmers the end of business-increased corruption-caused war


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