The difficulty of the gulf in between the rich and the poor people in Hippo is a regular theme in the preaching the Augustine, because that was a local financial reality. Ancient phibìc Africa lay straight south of Italy across the Mediterranean, with just a narrow stretch that water separating that from Sicily. Its cook city to be Carthage, a Phoenician nest that was one of the early competitors of Rome for manage of the western Mediterranean. Shipping in between North Africa and Italy thrived, mostly through Ostia, the port of Rome. Through the second century that the current era, manufacturing centres of african red on slide ware (quality Roman pottery) owned by noteworthy Roman families, were exporting ceramic ship to all components of the roman Empire.

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During the moment of Augustine, indigenous 356 to 430, north Africa was still a affluent agrarian an ar in despite the of the political problem of the empire. Hippo Regius to be the ancient name of the contemporary city the Annaba, Algeria. It was a major city in roman Africa. Recorded by the Vandals under King Geiseric after an strike of eighteen month in 431, it was the resources of the Vandal kingdom in between 431 and 439. It returned to Roman preeminence in 534 and also remained so until 698, as soon as it fell to the Saracens. The later history of Hippo to be under its contemporary name (in the following paragraph).

Annaba is a city in the north-eastern corner of Algeria near the flow Wadi Seybouse and the border through Tunisia. Annaba, which was referred to as Hippo Regius during Roman times, to be probably created by the Phoenicians in the twelfth century before Christ. Hippo was an African center of the early on Christian religion. Augustine the Hippo to be bishop over there from 396 till 430. The city today has Christian, Muslim, and Roman buildings. In 2013 the Local federal government District that Annaba had 640,000 inhabitants, about fifty percent of whom are city-dwellers. Annaba (Bone) lays case to gift the fourth largest city in Algeria, and also has a well harbour.

The local economic climate is rather diversified. It is the key port because that mineral exports in Algeria. Together excellently described by the late Tarsisius valve Bavel O.S.A., roman inn North Africa was initially state property, and was then offered in substantial tracts to wealthy Roman families as absentee landowners. Phibìc Africa supplied lot of the grain and also olive oil spend in Rome. That was created by the labour of bad tenant farmers and seasonal workers.

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By the moment of Augustine, the protection of individual civil liberties of the weak in ~ the Roman empire had in impact ceased. This was because the authority and also status of the realm had substantially declined. Augustine presume the function of a political activist in stimulate to defend those top top the margins of culture (the marginalised), defend the civil liberties of the poor. Government officials were frequently corrupt and not interested in the poor. Castle levied high taxes on those least able to salary them, hence the frequently unemployed seasonal workers - the harvesters the the grain, the tillers that the soil and also those tending the olive tree - to be victims the exploitation, and also lacked political power.

Furthermore, the enhancing invasions of phibìc Africa by the Vandals made life and also safety much more uncertain, and the existence of the Donatist schism additional destabilised culture by being against the roman Christian church and also even Roman public presence. Political decrease was carefully followed through economic decline and a loss of respect for the law. The affluent families became richer, and the bad sold themselves as servants as at the very least being a way of having actually guaranteed employment and also at least some protection versus starvation. These poor people to be at the mercy the the landowners, some of whom go as far as placing workers in prison, and also even executing them. In previous times the Roman empire had appointed persons as defenders of the rights of the poor. The council of Carthage of the Catholic Church in the year 401 had actually petitioned the Emperor for the reintroduction of this practice, however without success.

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Destroyed through the Vandals in the 5th century, Annaba was rebuilt by the Arabs. It was subsequently populated by Italians, Spaniards, and also Genoese prior to being recorded by the French in 1832. The French federal government departed at the time of the civil war in Algeria quickly after 1950. Major industries encompass an iron and also steel complex, railway workshops, and also aluminium and also chemical works. Stole ore, phosphates, and also other minerals, extract in Tbessa to the southeast, room exported, as room wine and also cork.

Links

For Annaba photos, past and present walk to: http://www.algerieautrefois.com/Ressources/Bone/FichiersBone/BonePict.php

Francais: (This net page is created in the French Language.) Souk Ahras: ville natale de Saint Augustin. http://www.djamila.be/Documents/soukahras.htm Annaba. Background of Annaba. http://looklex.com/e.o/annaba.htm

Annaba. A travelor’s blog. Http://gottaloveconstantine.com/algeria-2/world-class/algeria-4/128-annaba

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His era1401 phibìc African Christianity1403 Hippo basilica1405 Hippo congregation1406 His journeys1408 about Hippo1409 around Ostia1410 about Thagaste