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10. 2 The preterite and also the imperfect ANTE TODO § The preterite and the imperfect space not interchangeable. § In Spanish, the an option between these two tenses relies on the context and also on the suggest of see of the speaker.




You are watching: (fueron/eran) las doce.

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10. 2 The preterite and the imperfect compare & contrast PRETERITE 1. Come express actions the are viewed by the speaker together completed IMPERFECT 1. To define an ongoing past action with no referral to its start or end Don Francisco esperaba a Javier. Don Francisco se rompió la pierna. Don Francisco was waiting for Javier. Don Francisco damaged his leg. Fueron a Buenos Aires ayer. El médico se preocupaba por sus pacientes. They checked out Buenos Aires yesterday. The physician worried around his patients.


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10. 2 The preterite and also the imperfect to compare & contrast PRETERITE IMPERFECT 2. To express the start or end of a past activity 2. Come express habitual previous actions and also events La película empezó a ras nueve. Cuando era joven, jugaba al tenis. The movie began at nine o’clock. Once I to be young, I supplied to pat tennis. Ayer terminé el proyecto para la clase de química. De niño, don Francisco se enfermaba con mucha frecuencia. Yesterday ns finished the project for chemistry class. As a child, Don Francisco supplied to acquire sick an extremely frequently.


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10. 2 The preterite and the imperfect an example of an example IMPERFECT 3. To narrate a series of past actions or occasions 3. To describe physical and also emotional says or attributes La doctora me miró los oídos, me hizo unas preguntas y escribió la receta. La chica quería descansar. Se sentía mal y tenía dolor de cabeza. The doctor looked in mine ears, request me some questions, and also wrote the prescription. Me di con la mesa, me caí y me lastimé el pie. Ns bumped right into the table, ns fell, and I injured my foot. The girl want to rest. She feel ill and also had a headache. Ellos eran altos y tenían ojos verdes. They were tall and also had eco-friendly eyes. Estábamos felices de ver a la familia. Us were happy to see the family.


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10. 2 The preterite and the imperfect § The preterite and also the imperfect often show up in the very same sentence. In such cases the imperfect defines what to be happening, if the preterite explains the action that “interrupted” the continuous activity. Miraba la tele cuando sonó el teléfono. I was the town hall TV as soon as the call rang. Maite leía el periódico cuando llegó Álex. Maite was analysis the newspaper as soon as Álex arrived.


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10. 2 The preterite and also the imperfect § friend will also see the preterite and the imperfect together in narratives such as fiction, news, and also retelling the events. In these situations the imperfect provides every one of the elevator information, such as time, weather, and location, when the preterite indicates the specific events that emerged to development the plot.


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10. 2 The preterite and also the imperfect because that EXAMPLE: Eran ras dos de la mañana y el detective ya no podía mantenerse despierto. Se bajó lentamente del coche, estiró ras piernas y levantó los brazos hacia el cielo oscuro. That was 2 in the morning, and also the detective could no longer stay awake. He progressively stepped out of the car, stretched his legs, and raised his arms toward the dark sky. La luna estaba llena y no había en el cielo ni una sola nube. De repente el detective escuchó un grito espeluznante proveniente del parque. The moon to be full and also there wasn’t a single cloud in the sky. Suddenly, the detective heard a piercing scream coming from the park.




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10. 2 The preterite and also the imperfect ¡INTÉNTALO! Elige el pretérito o el imperfecto para completar la historia. Explica por qué se usa ese tiempo linguistic en cada ocasión. 1. (Fueron/Eran) las doce. 2. (Hubo/Había) mucha gente en la calle. 3. A ras doce y media, Tomás y yo (entramos/entrábamos) en el Restaurante Tárcoles. 4. Todos los días yo (almorcé/almorzaba) con Tomás al mediodía. 5. El camarero (llegó/llegaba) inmediatamente, para darnos el menú. 6. Nosotros (empezamos/empezábamos) a leerlo. 7. Yo (pedí/pedía) el pescado. 1 that 2


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10. 2 The preterite and also the imperfect ¡INTÉNTALO! Elige el pretérito o el imperfecto para completar la historia. Explica por qué se usa ese tiempo verbal en cada ocasión. 8. De repente, el camarero (volvió/volvía) a nuestra mesa. 9. Y nos (dio/daba) una mala noticia. 10. Desafortunadamente, no (tuvieron/tenían) más pescado. 11. Por eso Tomás y yo (decidimos/decidíamos) comer en otro lugar. 12. (Llovió/Llovía) muy fuerte cuando (salimos/salíamos) del café. 13. Así que (regresamos/regresábamos) al Restaurante Tárcoles. 14. Esta vez, (pedí/pedía) el arroz con pollo. 2 the 2