Eclipses: Solar vs. Lunar

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This lesson listed by: Author:Amara ugandan-news.comander
System: Madison City
School: Madison City board Of education

general Lesson details Preparation Information
Lesson arrangement ID: 34513


Eclipses: Solar vs. Lunar


In this interdisciplinary lesson around solar and lunar eclipses, students will certainly model and also determine thedifference in between the 2 eclipses. That involves materials of the Sun- Earth- Moon system with NASA resources, hands-on inquiry, and also observational data.

Thislessonresults indigenous acollaboration in between the Alabama department of Education and ASTA.

1 ) Create and also manipulate models (e.g., physical, graphical, conceptual) to define the cases of day/night cycles, length of year, seasons, tides, eclipses, and lunar phases based on patterns of the observed movements of celestial bodies.
NAEP ugandan-news.comment:: E8.12: Seasons an outcome from annual variations in the strongness of sunlight and also length that day, due to the tilt that Earth"s rotation axis family member to the plane of that yearly orbit approximately the Sun.
NAEP ugandan-news.comment:: E8.2: heaviness is the force that keeps many objects in the solar mechanism in regular and also predictable motion. This motions describe such phenomena as the day, the year, phases of the Moon, and eclipses.

Students:Create and also manipulate a version that shows how the positions of the Earth and sun an outcome in day and also night at locations on Earth.Create and also manipulate a version that shows the motion of Earth roughly the sun throughout a year with the exactly tilt of earth throughout the modeling.Create and manipulate a design that shows the tilt the the planet in relationship to the sun which shows seasons because that both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.Create and also manipulate a model that shows the place of the Earth and also moon during high and also low tides at various locations ~ above Earth.Create and manipulate a model that shows the position of the sun, Earth, and also moon throughout solar and lunar eclipses.Create and manipulate a model that mirrors the position of the sun, Earth, and moon throughout lunar phases.
ModelEarthMoonSunOrbitRotationAxisTiltedDay NightHourRevolutionConstantOrbital planeOrientationSolar EnergyEquatorPolesNorthern HemisphereSouthern HemisphereWinterSummerTidesGravitational pullLow tideHigh tideEclipseSolar eclipseLunar EclipseLunar phases (new moon, waxing crescent, very first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, 3rd quarter, waning crescent)Illumination
Students know:Earth rotates top top its tilted axis as soon as in about 24 hours; this rotation is taken into consideration an earth day.Due come the rotation of the Earth, the side of the planet facing the sunlight experiences irradiate (day); the next of the planet facing far from the sunlight experiences dark (night).The Earth-moon mechanism revolves approximately the sun as soon as in around 365 days; this transformation is thought about an earth year.The distance between Earth and also the sun continues to be relatively continuous throughout the Earth"s orbit.The Earth"s rotation axis is tilted with respect to its orbital airplane around the sun. Earth maintains the same loved one orientation in space, with its phibìc Pole pointed towards the north Star transparent its orbit.Solar energy travels in a directly line indigenous the sun and hits various parts that the curved earth at different angles — an ext directly at the equator and less straight at the poles.Because the Earth"s axis is tilted, the many direct and intense solar energy occurs over the summer months, and the the very least direct and also intense solar energy occurs end the winter months.The adjust in season in ~ a provided place on planet is directly related to the orientation that the tilted Earth and the position of earth in that is orbit around the sun due to the fact that of the change in the directness and intensity the the solar power at that ar over the course of the year.Summer wake up in the north Hemisphere at times in the Earth"s orbit when the northern axis of earth is tilted toward the sun. Summer occurs in the southern Hemisphere at time in the Earth"s orbit when the southerly axis of planet is tilted towards the sun.Winter wake up in the north Hemisphere at time in the Earth"s orbit when the northern axis of planet is tilted far from the sun. Winter wake up in the southerly Hemisphere at times in the Earth"s orbit once the southerly axis of earth is tilted far from the sun. A tide is the daily rise and also fall the sea level.Low birds is the lowest sea level at a particular time and place ~ above Earth.High tide is the greatest sea level in ~ a details time and place top top Earth.Tides happen as a result of the moon"s gravitational traction on the Earth.Solar energy is impede from reaching the Earth throughout a solar eclipse since the moon is located in between the sun and also Earth.Solar energy is prevented from getting to the moon (and therefore reflecting turn off of the moon come Earth) throughout a lunar eclipse since Earth is located between the sun and moon.Because the moon"s orbital aircraft is tilted with respect to the plane of the Earth"s orbit around the sun, because that a majority of time during an planet month, the moon is not in a place to block solar energy from getting to Earth, and Earth is no in a position to block solar power from getting to the moon.A lunar eclipse can only occur during a complete moon.The moon rotates on its axis approximately once a month.The moon orbits Earth around once a month.The moon rotates ~ above its axis at the same price at which the orbits earth so that the next of the moon the faces planet remains the same as the orbits.The moon"s orbital airplane is tilted through respect come the airplane of the Earth"s orbit about the sun.Solar power coming native the sun bounces off of the moon and is viewed on earth as the bright part of the moon.The visible proportion of the illuminated component of the moon (as viewed from Earth) alters over the food of a month as the ar of the moon loved one to Earth and also the sunlight changes. This change in illumination is recognized as the lunar phase.The moon appears to become more totally illuminated till "full" and then less completely illuminated until dark, or "new," in a pattern of change that corresponds to what relationship of the illuminated component of the moon is clearly shows from Earth.The lunar phase of the moon is a result of the family member positions of the Earth, sun, and also moon.
Students room able to:Develop a version of the Sun-Earth-Moon systems and also identify the pertinent components.Describe the relationships in between components the the model.Use trends observed from their design to carry out causal accounts because that events and also make guess for events by building explanations.
Students recognize that: trends in the occurrences of day/night cycles, size of year, seasons, tides, eclipses, and also lunar phases can be observed and also explained using models based on observed motion of celestial bodies.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module: Researching the Sun-Earth-Moon System
Alabama Alternate success Standards
AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.6.1- usage a model to present that Earth"s moon moves around Earth, and Earth and also its moon move roughly the sun; recognize the movements responsible for day/night and the size of a year.

Local/National Standards:

Primary finding out Objective(s):

Learning Targets:

I can develop models to define a solar and lunar eclipse.

I can describe the difference between a solar and lunar eclipse.

Additional discovering Objective(s):

Total Duration:

61 to 90 Minutes

Materials and Resources:

Teacher Materials:

"The Moon Book" through Gail Gibbons

5" Centimeter Styrofoam balls- class set

Pencils - course set

Glue gun and glue sticks

Lamp was standing (without shade)

A room that can be marked, with sufficient open floor space to right students stand in a circle.

Interactive white board; laptop through protector, speaker for listening, tablet or iPad; web access.

Padlet app or website

Teacher Preparation:

If desired, the teacher deserve to prepare version "moons" for students. To execute this, location a pencil in the center of the Styrofoam ball. Leave sufficient of the pencil the end of the ball so students can hold the design in your hand. Making use of glue gun, location glue in-between pencil and Styrofoam ball.

Teacher need to access video regarding solar and also lunar eclipses to ensure the links and audio are working properly:Eclipses defined (4:34 minutes)

Teachers have to go in prior to the lesson and also create a Padlet account in stimulate to save their own Padlet the is made with their class.

Students need to be familiar with utilizing Know- What ns Wonder- and Learned (KWL) chart.

Step 1Students and teachers will produce a KWL chart together Each ar will need its very own Padlet. The K and W are the just Padlets that should be completed at this time.

First, have students share through peers what they "Know" about Solar and Lunar Eclipses and post come the "K" area the the Padlet. Then, the teacher will review sections the "The Moon Book" that related to solar and lunar eclipses. Next, have students share with their peers the "W" (What castle Wonder around Solar and Lunar Eclipses) and also post come Padlet.

Once the conversation is over, the teacher need to refer to the KWL Padlet (K and W Padlets only) to update details that lock may have learned around eclipses and also any other info that castle would choose to proceed to learn about eclipses.

Step 2- students will check out theNASAarticle worrying eclipses. Then, split students right into equal parts: Solar Side and also Lunar side. The teacher may number students off, "1" "2" so there will certainly be equal grouping. Have students come reread your parts and also become "experts" on the eclipse. Next, have actually students come share the end their info on their eclipse. ~ that, have students finish a Venn diagram comparing the 2 eclipses. Share the end information.

Show clip Eclipses Explained.

Step 3- making use of moon models, lamp shade, and students" bodies, college student will model a Solar and also Lunar Eclipse. Utilizing the illustrations native "The Moon Book," have students demonstrate a solar and lunar eclipse.

Step 4-Students will complete "L" (What we learned about solar and lunar eclipse.)on Padlet and complete reflection questions on "What reasons Solar and also Lunar Eclipses?" lab.

Teacher Observation

Venn Diagram: Solar vs. Lunar. Teacher should observe students" ability to explain the differences in between the eclipses.

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Answered lab inquiries for accuracy situated in the student"s notebook/journal.

Students will develop an video/iMovie detailing the differences between a solar and also lunar eclipse. Video can be presented to fellow peers to aid in learning the differences between the two eclipses.

watch the Special education resources because that instructional indict in offering modifications and also adaptations because that students with significant cognitive disabilities who qualify because that the Alabama alternative Assessment.