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You are watching: Column of phocas

Location::In the roman inn Forum
Metro::Colosseo
Time::about 10 minutes, indigenous Via dei Fori Imperiali
Cost::Free
Hours::Viewable at any type of time from Via dei Fori Imperiali

Standing on a brick base surrounding by steps, the shaft of Phocas rises to a height of over 40 feet.It to be the last monument to have actually been erected in the Forum Square and also has remained standing because that 14 centuries.According to the inscription carved on the plinth (4th photo below), that was committed in honor of Phocas, the centurion electedemperor of byzantium in 602 ad after having his predecessor Maurice and his five sons killed.Phocas presented Pope Boniface IV with the Pantheon in 608 AD, which to be transformed right into the church the St. Mary and the Martyrs one year later.Phocas self was stripped the his skin, beheaded, dismembered, had actually his personal parts cut off, and was dragged and also burned 2 years ~ this column was erected, because that raping the mam of Photius.The fluted marble column and also Corinthian resources of the column of Phocas were recycled from other monuments; the high base they now stand uponwas originally offered to assistance a statue the Diocletian. The earlier inscription to be chiseled away and replaced with that come Phocas.But the section of the engraving bearing the surname of Phocas was chiseled off when his engravings were erased transparent the realm after his disgrace. His surname would have been placed at the absent diamond-shaped hole in the fourth image below, best after words "Domino".A gilded bronze statue of Phocas as soon as stood on peak of the column, perhaps only briefly.Nearby, follow me the southern edge that the Forum Square, are five much more honorary columns which more than likely looked comparable to the pillar of Phocas, back no dedications for those five columns remain.


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