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Joseph Roisman

Roisman Joseph. The lift of the fight of Tanagra and also Some related Issues. In: L"antiquité classique, Tome 62, 1993. Pp. 69-85.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.3406/antiq.1993.1161


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The lift of the fight of Tanagra and also Some Related issues

In 458 or 457, together if awakened indigenous a lengthy sleep, the Spartans chose to take up arms exterior their borders. The Phocians had attacked Doris in central Greece and the Spartans pertained to its rescue through 1,500 that their very own men and also 10,000 Peloponnesians1. The Spartans" action is something of a puzzle. It followed a duration of inactivity during which j the Spartans had actually not aided their major allies, the Corinthians, through their

i war versus Athens, and also when the Athenians inserted Aegina under siege,

f the Peloponnesians sent only 300 hoplites come the island (THUCYDIDES, I,

105-106; DIODORUS that SICILY, XI, 78-79). In comparison with Corinth or Aegina, Doris to be of negligible strategic or armed forces significance. Why climate did the Spartans decide to help Doris and also not their much more important allies, and also why go they mobilize together a huge force versus the | fairly minor strength of Phocis?

| These are not brand-new questions, however the answers given them space not

j totally satisfactory. The function of this file is to market a reassessment

j the the Spartans" reasons for going on an exploration to main Greece, together

{ well as to consider part related issues which figure in the elevator

j the the battle of Tanagra. These space : Athenian plan on the night of the

battle; the relations between the lengthy walls and also democracy in Athens; and the status and also policy that Tanagra in the period under discussion.

it is frequently assumed the Sparta supplied Doris" inquiry for assist as one excuse come flex her muscles. The Spartans who had been preoccupied v suppressing the helots" rebellion and, hence, unable to help their chief

1 Thucydides, I, 107, 1-2 ; Diodorus of Sicily, XI, 79, 5-6, and also see G.F. Hill, sources for Greek history between the Persian and the Peloponnesian wars (revised ed.), Oxford, 1951, p. 342, and also D.W. Roller, Tanagran Studies, Amsterdam, 1989, I, p. 57-69 for additional sources. The campaign has been dated differently, 458 or 457, mainly since historians attach it to the vexed concern of the duration of the an excellent helots" revolt at Sparta. I like not to sign up with a controversy where neither day is much more firmly developed than the other. See, e.g., B.D. Meritt, H.T. Wade-Gery, M.F. McGregor, The Athenian Tribute lists (henceforth ATL), III (Princeton, 1950), p. 165-178 ; D.W. Reece, The date of the fall oflthome, in JHS, 82 (1962), p. 111-114, and E. Badián, towards a Chronology that the Pentekontaetia under to the rebirth of the tranquility of Callias, in EMC, 32 (1988), p. 289 ff., esp. 318. All days in this record are B.C.E.