The Aztecs, or Mexica as they referred to as themselves, to be the upstream of a aggressive empire centered in central Mexico as soon as the Spanish conquistadors landed in America in ~ the beginning of the 16th century.

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The Aztecs, or Mexica as they called themselves, to be the upstream of a aggressive empire focused in central Mexico as soon as the Spanish conquistadors landing in America at the beginning of the 16th century.

See the fact record below for an ext information top top the old Aztec or alternatively, you have the right to download our 19-page ancient Aztec worksheet pack to utilise in ~ the class or house environment.

Key facts & Information

ETYMOLOGY and HISTORY

They were hunter-gatherers indigenous Aztlan, interpreted as the White Land. Aztecs were additionally known together Tenochca people. Upon arriving in Mesoamerica, the advancement of their own civilization contributed come the autumn of the formerly dominant people of the Toltecs. The an initial settlement the the Aztecs remained in a marshy land near the southwest border of Lake Texcoco. They were able to drain the swampy land, build artificial islands, and establish the funding city of Tenochtitlan by 1325. Through 1428, under leader Itzcoatl, the Aztecs formed an alliance v the Texcocans and also Tacubans versus the competitor Tepanecs. In 1440, Montezuma I flourished Itzcoatl, who came to be known together the dad of the Aztec Empire.

AZTEC LIFE

Amidst having swampy lands ~ above settlement, the Aztecs were able to build a fairly sophisticated mechanism of agriculture, especially irrigation methods. Born together warriors, the Aztecs were able to overcome lands and build an empire. One more important factor in Aztec economic situation was the foundation of its capital, Tenochtitlan. Aside from gift the funding city, Tenochtitlan was the facility of Aztec tianguis or open-air markets. Aztecs were selling products like food, medicines, and also ornaments every 5 days. They walk not use coins or file as way of trade, rather barter and exchange. “There were numerous …merchants who marketed gold in grains together it come from the mines,” Bernal wrote. “ They put it in goose quills…They calculated how much so countless blankets or gourds of cacao to be worth, or slaves, or every little thing else they traded, follow to the length and thickness of the quills.” Bernal Diaz del Castillo, among Cortes’ guys Like other civilizations, the Aztec society was rigidly subjected to a caste system; v a high priest in ~ the top, complied with by the Council written of the royal family, the nobles, the merchants and also artisans, and finally in ~ the bottom were slaves. Social condition was passed with lineage, other than slaves and also serfs who obtained such condition as a punishment. One can become a servant if a crime to be committed, a battle prisoner, and failure to salary debt. Choose the Maya and also other Mesoamerican civilizations, the Aztecs highly thought in the rite of human sacrifice. Such reverence is watched in the variety of temples, palaces, statues, and also plazas mirroring devotion to numerous Aztec gods, including Huitzilopochtli (god that war and also sun), and also Quetzalcoatl (feathered serpent).

FALL of THE AZTEC CIVILIZATION

In early on 1517, Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba ended up being the first European to set foot ~ above the Yucatan Peninsula. He come with around three ships and a hundred men. By March, 1519, the Spanish branch Diego Velasquez sent out Hernan Cortes, an additional Spanish conquistador to Mexico. Cortes landing in Tabasco and also discovered the Aztec civilization and its people. The end of his very own ambition, Cortes defied Velazquez and founded the city that Veracruz on the southeastern mexico coast. He commanded his very own men, marched right into Mexico, and also founded an alliance v the native Tlaxcalans. In so late 1519, Cortes penetrated Tenochtitlan and also was greeted by leader Montezuma I. Amidst a huge number that Aztec warriors, Cortes took Montezuma hostage and later killed him in addition to thousands that Aztec nobles. The murder of around 240,000 Aztec natives on respectable 13, 1521, ended the Aztec civilization. Together a result, Cortes was glorified by the Spanish crown. That then built Mexico City top top the ruins of Tenochtitlan and also accumulated vast fortunes in the name of the Spanish monarchs. Most deaths were resulted in by European illness such as smallpox.

Ancient Aztec Worksheets

This is a wonderful bundle which includes everything you have to know around Ancient Aztec across 19 comprehensive pages. These are ready-to-use ancient Aztec worksheets that space perfect for to teach students about the Aztecs, or Mexica as they referred to as themselves, which to be the elite of a aggressive empire focused in main Mexico when the Spanish conquistadors landing in America in ~ the beginning of the 16th century.


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ancient Aztec facts Mapping the Aztecs Aztec Life Storyboard completion Aztec and Mexico Pre-Columbian Empires ancient Aztec 101 Aztec Prophecy Cortes and also the Aztecs Archeological finds Rituals and an interpretation

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